Budget, Deficit, and Debt Issues
The Administration’s FY 2013 budget proposal includes a few proposed tax cuts including extension of certain business tax incentives that expired on December 31, 2011 and a proposal to make permanent only some of the current individual marginal rates and investment tax rates. On the other hand, the budget includes extensive changes to the U.S. international tax regime which would raise approximately $148 billion over 10 years. Other proposed revenue raisers include but are not limited to:
- repeal of the LIFO inventory accounting method,
- tax increases on financial institutions and products,
- tax increases on the oil and natural gas industry,
- taxing carried interest as ordinary income,
substantial tax hikes on taxpayers earning over $250,000 per couple ($200,000 for individuals).
The Chamber opposes the FY 2013 budget proposal because it would create an enormous expansion of the federal government, paid for with tax hikes on businesses and upper income individuals. Federal spending as a percentage of GDP remains high through the 10-year budget horizon, leading to trillions of dollars in additional deficits and increasing the level of public debt to 77% of GDP by 2022.
The proposal would offset much of the additional spending with massive tax hikes on businesses and higher income individuals, many of whom own the most successful U.S. small businesses that are taxed as individuals. Thus, the proposal would hinder the ability of businesses to grow and create jobs.
In lieu of a budget that provides for huge spending increases paid for with punitive tax increases that discourage saving and investment and slow job growth, the Chamber recommends that the Administration and Congress produce a budget plan that will get the US economy back on track for future growth.
Congressional Budget Office
Choices for Debt Reduction (November 8, 2012)
An Update to the Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2012 to 2022 (August 22, 2012)
The 2012 Long Term Budget Outlook (June 5, 2012)
Updated Budget Projections: Fiscal Years 2012 to 2022 (March 13, 2012)
An Analysis of the President's 2013 Budget (March 16, 2012)
The Economic Impact of the President's 2013 Budget (April 20, 2012)
Budget and Economic Outlook: Fiscal Years 2012 to 2022 (January 31, 2012)
Think Tanks and Academic Reports
"How Good Are the Government's Deficit and Debt Projections and Should We Care?" (by Kevil L. Kliesen and Daniel L. Thornton, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
The Mysterious White House/CBO Deficit Disparity by Diane Furchtgott-Roth (April 26, 2012)