The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, also known as the Quad, is an informal security construct between Australia, India, Japan, and the United States. Prime Minister Abe initiated the discussion in 2007, which has evolved into summit meetings, information exchanges and military drills between member states. Results to date include three trilateral and six bilateral strategic dialogues in addition to a number of working groups and military engagements. The security imperative is driving a new generation of trade and commercial agreements, from rare earths to supply chain resilience. Digital technologies exchanges are especially active, including AI, big data analytics, robotics, and internet of things (IoT). Cyber and quantum computing are key priorities in these developing relationships.
The recent founding of the Quad Tech Network (QTN) by the Australian Government is designed to promote regional research and public dialogue on cyber and critical technology issues. Emerging technologies, space and defense equipment are pillars of collaboration. Continuous innovation and flexible business arrangements are key to sustaining a shared worldview of a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific. Joint development, interoperability, maintenance and resupply are essential ingredients in the economics of mutual security, the strengthening of national sovereignty and a collective industrial base. Emphasis now is to formalize a structure for the Quad and to invite observer nations from the Indo-Pacific region. For the first time ever, the four heads of state met to discuss next steps in a virtual summit – US President Joe Biden, Japan Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, Australia Prime Minister Scott Morrison, and India Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This video conference examines commercial opportunities in research and development, science and technology cooperation, supply chain resilience, strategic materials and logistics, manufacturing and management, industry and trade cooperation.