How They Voted 2007 - House

Each House vote used in the ratings is described separately and is identified by a number that corresponds to the numbers at the top of the columns of tabular information.

Key to Symbols

+"Correct" vote, supporting the Chamber's position'07%Percentage of correct votes of total cast by member on Chamber-selected issues during 2007, the second session of the 110th Congress.
-"Wrong" vote, contrary to the Chamber's position
?No recorded voteCUM%Average annual percentage of correct votes cast by member on Chamber-selected issues since the Chamber began rating members in 1965, or since that member's first year in Congress, through 2007.
SSpeaker did not vote
PVoted "present"
*Seat vacant on date of the vote Note: The percentage calculations were made using only + and - votes. The ?, S, and P votes were not included in the calculations.
NAInsufficient votes cast 
Alabama   12345678910111213141516171819202007%Cum %
1BonnerJoR+++--+++-+++++++++++8594
2EverettTerryR+++-++++-+++++?+?+-+8387
3RogersMichael D.R++++++++-+++++++++-+9092
4AderholtRobert B.R+?+-++++-++++++++--+7985
5CramerRobert E.D++-++++++-+--++?-+++7470
6BachusSpencerR+++?--+--+++++++++++7991
7DavisArtur GenestreD++-++++++-+---++-+++7067
Alaska                         
1YoungDonR++??++++++?+--++++++8875
Arizona                         
1RenziRichard G.R+++++++++++-++++++++9593
2FranksTrentR+++---+--+++++-+++++7086
3ShadeggJohn B.R+++---+--+++++-+++++7088
4PastorEdD---++?-++-+---++--++4735
5MitchellHarry E.D---++++++-----++++++6060
6FlakeJeffR+++---+--+-+++?+++++6871
7GrijalvaRaul M.D---+++-++-+---++--++5026
8GiffordsGabrielleD---++++++-+---++??++6161
Arkansas                         
1BerryMarionD++-+++-+------++-+++5558
2SnyderVicD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6052
3BoozmanJohn N.R+++--+++++++++++++++9096
4RossMikeD++-++++++-+---++-+++7060
California                         
1ThompsonMikeD---+++-++-+---++-+++5551
2HergerWallyR+++--++--+++++++++++8092
3LungrenDaniel E.R+++--+++-+++++++??++8385
4DoolittleJohn T.R++++-++--+++++++++++8586
5MatsuiDoris OkadaD---+++-++-+---++-+++5545
6WoolseyLynn C.D---+++-++-----++---+4024
7MillerGeorgeD---+++-+?-----++--++4224
8PelosiNancyDS--SSSS+S-S---SS-+SS2225
9LeeBarbaraD---+++-++-----++--++4523
10TauscherEllen O.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5557
11McNerneyJerryD---+++-++-+---++--++5050
12LantosTomD+??+++-++-+---++??-+6329
13StarkFortney PeteD---+++-++-+---?+--++4718
14EshooAnna G.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5537
15HondaMichael M.D+--?++-++-+---++-+++5837
16LofgrenZoeD---+++-++-+---++-+++5536
17FarrSamD---+++-++-+---++-+++5536
18CardozaDennis A.D+--++++++-+---++-+?+6365
19RadanovichGeorgeR+++---+--++?++-+++++6893
20CostaJimD+--++++++-+---++-+++6576
21NunesDevinR+++---+-++++++++?+++7995
22McCarthyKevinR+++--+++-+++++++++++8585
23CappsLoisD---+++-++-+---++-+++5545
24GalleglyEltonR+++--+++++++++?+++++8993
25McKeonHoward P.R+++---++-+++++++++++8095
26DreierDavidR+++--+++-+++++++++++8595
27ShermanBradD+--+++-++-+---++---+5041
28BermanHoward L.D---+++-++-+---?+-+++5331
29SchiffAdam B.D+--+++-++-+---++-+++6044
30WaxmanHenry A.D---+++-++-+---+?-+++5325
31BecerraXavierD?--+++-++-+---++-+++5831
32SolisHilda L.D---+++-++-+---++--++5031
33WatsonDiane E.D+--+?+-++-+---++---+4729
34Roybal-AllardLucilleD+--+++-++-+---++--++5531
35WatersMaxineD---+++-++-+---?+---+4220
36HarmanJaneD+--+++-++-+---?+-+?+5658
37RichardsonLauraD????++??+??????+--??6767
37Millender-McDonaldJuanitaD???????????--?+????+5037
38NapolitanoGrace F.D---+++-++-+---++---+4538
39SanchezLinda T.D+--+++-++-+---++--++5532
40RoyceEdward R.R+++---+--+++++-+++++7083
41LewisJerryR+++---++-+++++++++++8086
42MillerGary G.R+++--++++++?++?+++++8996
43BacaJoeD+--+++-++-+---++--++5547
44CalvertKenR+++--+++++++++?+++++8997
45Bono MackMaryR+-+-?+++++++++++++++8993
46RohrabacherDanaR+++--++--+++++++++-+7582
47SanchezLorettaD+--++++++-+---++--++6045
48CampbellJohnR+++---+--+++++-+++++7073
49IssaDarrell E.R+++---+--++++++?++++7495
50BilbrayBrian P.R+-++--++-+++++++++++8082
51FilnerBobD---+++-++-+---++---+4527
52HunterDuncanR+??--++++++++++++???8784
53DavisSusan A.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5543
Colorado                         
1DeGetteDianaD---+++-++-+---++-+++5535
2UdallMarkD---++++++-+---++-+++6043
3SalazarJohn T.D+--+++-++-+---++-+++6064
4MusgraveMarilyn N.R-++--++--+++++-?++++6891
5LambornDougR+++---+--+++++-+++++7070
6TancredoThomas G.R+??--?+--+?++?-?++++6480
7PerlmutterEdD---++++++-+---++-+++6060
Connecticut                         
1LarsonJohn B.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5543
2CourtneyJosephD---+++-++-+---++--++5050
3DeLauroRosa L.D---+++-++-----++--++4529
4ShaysChristopherR---++++++-++--++++++7069
5MurphyChristopher S.D---+++-++-+---++--++5050
Delaware                         
1CastleMichael N.R---+++++-++-++++++++7584
Florida                         
1MillerJefferson B.R+++---+--+--++-++?++5882
2BoydAllenD++-++++?+-+--+++-+++7471
3BrownCorrineD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6038
4CrenshawAnderR+??--++?+?++++++?+++8796
5Brown-WaiteGinnyR+++--+++++++++++++++9090
6StearnsCliffR+++---++++++++++++-+8083
7MicaJohn L.R+++--++++++++?++++++8993
8KellerRicR+++--+++++++++++++++9096
9BilirakisGus MichaelR+++--+++++++++++++++9090
10YoungC. W.R++++--++++++++++++++9083
11CastorKatherineD---+++-++-+---++-+++5555
12PutnamAdam H.R+++---+-++++++++++++8093
13BuchananVernR+++--++++++-++++++++8585
14MackConnieR+++-?++--+++++-+++++7984
15WeldonDaveR+++--++--+++++-+++++7588
16MahoneyTimD-+-++++++-+--+++++++7575
17MeekKendrick B.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5551
18Ros-LehtinenIleanaR+-++-+++++++++++++++9078
19WexlerRobertD+--+++-++-+---++--++5534
20Wasserman SchultzDebbieD---+++-++-+---++-+++5546
21Diaz-BalartLincolnR?-++-+++++++++++++++8978
22KleinRonD+??+++-++-+---++-+++6767
23HastingsAlcee L.D---+++-++-+---++--++5029
24FeeneyTomR+++---+--+++++-+++++7087
25Diaz-BalartMarioR+-++-++++++++++++++?8993
Georgia                         
1KingstonJackR+++---+--+++++-+++-+6587
2BishopSanford D.D++-++++++-+---++-+++7061
3WestmorelandLynn A.R+++--?+--+++++-+?+++7286
4JohnsonHenry C.D---+++-+?-+---++--++4747
5LewisJohnD---+++-++-+---++-+++5521
6PriceTomR+++--+++-+++++-+++++8091
7LinderJohnR+++---+--+++++++++++7596
8MarshallJimD-+-?++++-++---++---+5358
9DealNathanR+++---+--+++++-?++++6885
10BrounPaulR?++?--?--+???+?+++??6464
10NorwoodCharlieR????????????????????NA86
11GingreyJ. PhillipR+++---++-+++++-+++++7590
12BarrowJohnD+++++++++-+---++++++8074
13ScottDavid A.D++-++++++-+---++--++6567
Hawaii                         
1AbercrombieNeilD+--+++?++-+---++---+5328
2HironoMazie K.D---+++-++-+---++---+4545
Idaho                         
1SaliWilliam T.R+++--++--+++++-+++++7575
2SimpsonMichael K.R+++--+++-++++++?++++8495
Illinois                         
1RushBobby L.D+--++++++-+---++--++6034
2JacksonJesse L.D---+++-++-+---++--++5023
3LipinskiDanielD---++++++-+---++--++5549
4GutierrezLuis V.D---+?+-++-+---?+--++4428
5EmanuelRahm I.D---+++?++-+---++-+++5844
6RoskamPeter J.R+++--+++-++++++?++++8484
7DavisDanny K.D+--+++-++-+---++--++5532
8BeanMelissa L.D+--++++++-+---++++++7074
9SchakowskyJanice D.D---+++-++-+---++--++5027
10KirkMark StevenR---++++++++?++++++++8486
11WellerJerryR+-++?++++++++++?++++9492
12CostelloJerry F.D++--++-++-+---?+---+4736
13BiggertJudyR+++--+++-+++++++++++8596
14HastertDennisR+??--+?+++??++?+?+++8594
15JohnsonTimothy V.R+-++++++-++-+++?++++8481
16ManzulloDonald A.R+++--++--+++++++++++8086
17HarePhilD+--++++++-+---++---+5555
18LaHoodRayR+???++?+--+++??+??++8387
19ShimkusJohnR+++--++-++++++++++++8590
Indiana                         
1ViscloskyPeter J.D+--+++-++-+---++---+5031
2DonnellyJosephD---++++++++---++--++6060
3SouderMark E.R+++--+++-++++++?++++8487
4BuyerSteveR+++--?+--++?++-+??++6993
5BurtonDanR+++---++-++-++++++++7588
6PenceMikeR+++---+--+++++?+++++7492
7CarsonJuliaD---

+

??-++-+---+???++4734
8EllsworthBradD++-+++-++++---++-+++7070
9HillBaron P.D+--++++++++---++-+++7057
Iowa                         
1BraleyBruce L.D+--++++++-+---++-?++6363
2LoebsackDavidD---++++++-+?--++--++5858
3BoswellLeonard L.D---++++++-+---++-+++6059
4LathamTomR++++-+++++++++?+++++9598
5KingSteven A.R+++--++--+++++-+++++7591
Kansas                         
1MoranJerryR+++--+++++--++++++++8091
2BoydaNancy E.D+--++++++-+--+++--++6565
3MooreDennisD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6059
4TiahrtToddR+++--+++++++++++++++9094
Kentucky                         
1WhitfieldEdR+++--+++++++++++++++9095
2LewisRonR+++--+++++++++++++++9092
3YarmuthJohn A.D---++?+++-+---++--++5353
4DavisGeoffR+++---?+++++++++++?+8390
5RogersHaroldR+++--+++++++++++++++9085
6ChandlerAlbert BenjaminD---++?-++-+---++--++4753
Louisiana                         
1JindalBobbyR+??-?+++?++++++???-+8591
2JeffersonWilliam J.D+--++++++-+-?-+?--++6146
3MelanconCharlesD+++++++++-+---++-+++7578
4McCreryJimR+++--+++-+++++++++++8596
5AlexanderRodneyR+++--+++++++++++++++9084
6BakerRichard H.R++++++++-+++++++++++9596
7BoustanyCharles W.R+++--+++-+++++?+++++8491
Maine                         
1AllenThomas H.D---+++++?-+---++--++5342
2MichaudMichael HD---++++++-+---++--++5546
Maryland                         
1GilchrestWayne T.R---++++++++++?++++++8488
2RuppersbergerC.A.D+--+?++++-+---++-+++6356
3SarbanesJohn P.D---+++-++-+---++--++5050
4WynnAlbert RussellD---+++-++-+---++--++5042
5HoyerSteny H.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5531
6BartlettRoscoe G.R+++--+++-+++++-+++++8086
7CummingsElijah E.D---+++-++-+---++--++5033
8Van HollenChristopherD---+++-++-+---++-+++5541
Massachusetts                         
1OlverJohn W.D---+++-++-+---++--++5027
2NealRichard E.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5532
3McGovernJames P.D---+++-++-+---++--++5034
4FrankBarneyD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6024
5TsongasNikiD????++?????????+--??6060
5MeehanMartyD-?????-????--?+???++4336
6TierneyJohn F.D---+++-++-+---++--++5027
7MarkeyEdward J.D+--+++?++-+---++--++5824
8CapuanoMichael E.D---+++-++-+---++--++5031
9LynchStephen F.D+--+++-++-+---++-+++6040
10DelahuntWilliam D.D--?+++-+?-+---++--++5034
Michigan                         
1StupakBartD-+-++++++-+---++---+5534
2HoekstraPeterR+++--+++-+++++-?+--+6890
3EhlersVernon J.R+-+-++++-+++++++++++8590
4CampDaveR+++-++++-+++++++++++9096
5KildeeDale E.D+--+++-++-+---++---+5027
6UptonFredR++++++++++++++++++++10094
7WalbergTimothyR+++--+++++++++++++++9090
8RogersMikeR+++--+++++++++++++++9095
9KnollenbergJoeR++++++++++++++++++++10097
10MillerCandice S.R++++++++++++++++++++10096
11McCotterThaddeus G.R-++--+++++++-+-+++++7589
12LevinSander M.D---+?+-++-+?--++-+++5633
13KilpatrickCarolyn C.D++?+++-++-+---++--++6334
14ConyersJohnD---+++-++-+---++--++5019
15DingellJohn D.D++-+++-++-+---++-+++6527
Minnesota                         
1WalzTimothy J.D+--++++++-+---++--++6060
2KlineJohn PaulR+++--++--+++++++++++8095
3RamstadJimR---++++++++-++++++++8088
4McCollumBettyD---+++-++-+---++?+++5836
5EllisonKeith M.D---+++-++-+---++--++5050
6BachmannMicheleR+++--++--+++++-+++++7575
7PetersonCollin C.D+--++++++-+---++--++6063
8OberstarJames L.D-+-+??+++-+---++??-+5623
Mississippi                         
1WickerRogerR+++--+++-+++++?+++++8495
2ThompsonBennie G.D-+-+++-++-+---++---+5038
3PickeringCharles W.R+++--+++++++?+++++++8993
4TaylorGeneD---+++-++++-+-+++--+6058
Missouri                         
1ClayWilliam LacyD-??+++-++-+---++-+++6145
2AkinW. ToddR+++--+++-+++++-+++++8090
3CarnahanRussD+--+++-++-+---++--++5550
4SkeltonIkeD+??++++++-+---++-+++7257
5CleaverEmanuelD---+++-++-+---++-+++5551
6GravesSamR+?+-++++++++++++++++9598
7BluntRoyR+?+---+-++++++++++++7993
8EmersonJo AnnR+++-++++++--++++++++8588
9HulshofKenny C.R+++--+++++++++??++++8995
Montana                         
1RehbergDennis R.R+++--+++++++++++++++9095
Nebraska                         
1FortenberryJeffreyR+-+-++++++++++++++++9092
2TerryLeeR+++--+++++++++++++++9092
3SmithAdrian M.R++++++++-+++++++++++9595
Nevada                         
1BerkleyShelleyD+--++++++-?---++--++5850
2HellerDeanR+-+--+++-+++++++++++8080
3PorterJon C.R--+-++++++?+++++++++8495
New Hampshire                         
1Shea-PorterCarolD---+++-++-+---++--++5050
2HodesPaul W.D---+++-++-+---++--++5050
New Jersey                         
1AndrewsRobert E.D---++++++-+---++---+5038
2LoBiondoFrank A.R---++++++-+--+?++-++6371
3SaxtonJimR-??+-+++++++-+++++++8379
4SmithChristopher H.R---++++++++--++++-++7060
5GarrettE. ScottR-++---++-+++++-+++++7086
6PalloneFrankD---+++-++-+---++---+4534
7FergusonMikeR---++?+++-++-+++++++7486
8PascrellBillD---+++-++-+---++-+++5538
9RothmanSteven R.D---+++-++-+---++-?-?4435
10PayneDonald M.D---++?-++-+---++---+4222
11FrelinghuysenRodney P.R--+--+++++++++++++++8086
12HoltRush D.D---+++-++-+---++--++5033
13SiresAlbioD---+++-++-+---++-+++5555
New Mexico                         
1WilsonHeatherR+-+--+++++++++++++++8592
2PearceStevanR+++--+++-+++++-+++++8094
3UdallTomD---+++-++-+---?+--++4733
New York                         
1BishopTimothy H.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5543
2IsraelSteveD---+++-++-+---++?+++5851
3KingPeter T.R+-++++++++++-+++++++9077
4McCarthyCarolynD---+++-++-+---++?+++5852
5AckermanGary L.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5531
6MeeksGregory W.D-+-?++-++-+---++-+++5847
7CrowleyJosephD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6046
8NadlerJerroldD---+++-++-+---?+--++4722
9WeinerAnthony D.D+--+++-++-+---++-+++6037
10TownsEdolphusD++-+++-++-+---++-+++6530
11ClarkeYvette DianeD-???++-?+?+--?++-+++6464
12VelazquezNydia M.D+--++++++-+---++--++6027
13FossellaVitoR+-+--?+++++--+-+++++6891
14MaloneyCarolyn B.D---+++-++-+-?-++-+++5840
15RangelCharles B.D+--+++-++-+---++-+++6023
16SerranoJose E.D+--+++-++-+---++--++5525
17EngelEliot L.D---+++-++-+---+?-+++5329
18LoweyNita M.D-?-+++-++-+---?+-+++5635
19HallJohn J.D---+++-++-+---++--++5050
20GillibrandKirsten E.D---++++++-+---++-+++6060
21McNultyMichael R.D---++??++-+---++--++5033
22HincheyMaurice D.D---+++-++-----++--++4525
23McHughJohn M.R--++++++?++?-++++-++7882
24ArcuriMichael A.D---++++++-+---++--++5555
25WalshJames T.R--+++-+++++--+++++-+7081
26ReynoldsThomas M.R+++--+++++++++++++++9095
27HigginsBrianD---+++-++-+---++--++5048
28SlaughterLouise McIntoshD---++++?+-+---++---+4732
29KuhlJohn R.R--+-++++++++++++++-+8090
North Carolina                         
1ButterfieldGeorge K.D+--++?-++-+---++-+++5844
2EtheridgeBobD-+-+++-++++---++-+++6558
3JonesWalter B.R-++++++++++-++++?--+7973
4PriceDavid E.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5548
5FoxxVirginiaR+++---+--+++++-+++++7080
6CobleHowardR+??--+++++?+++++++++8888
7McIntyreMikeD++-++++++++---++---+6563
8HayesRobinR+??++++++++++++++--+8987
9MyrickSue WilkinsR+++---+--++++++?++++7491
10McHenryPatrick T.R+++---+-++++++-+++++7586
11ShulerHeathD---++++++++---++---+5555
12WattMelvin L.D+--+++-++-+---++-+-+5528
13MillerBradD---+++-++-+---?+--++4742
North Dakota                         
ALPomeroyEarlD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6052
Ohio                         
1ChabotSteveR+++---+--++-++++++++7088
2SchmidtJeanR+?+--+++++++++++++++8990
3TurnerMichael R.R++++++++++++++++++++10098
4JordanJames D.R+++---+--+++++-+++++7070
5LattaRobert E.R????????????????????NANA
5GillmorPaulR+++-**++*++?+++***++9290
6WilsonCharles A.D++-++++++-+---+?--++6363
7HobsonDavid L.R++++--++++++++++?+++8991
8BoehnerJohn A.R+++---+-?+++++++++++7993
9KapturMarcyD---+++?++-+---++---+4730
10KucinichDennis J.D-?-+++--+-?---+?---+3520
11JonesStephanie TubbsD?+-+++-++-+---+?-+++6138
12TiberiPatrick J.R+++---++++++++++++++8597
13SuttonBettyD+--++++++-+---++---+5555
14LaTouretteSteven C.R--+-+++++++--++++--+6583
15PryceDeborahR++++-?++++++++++++++9597
16RegulaRalphR+++++++++++-++++++++9580
17RyanTimothy J.D+--+++-++-+---++--++5543
18SpaceZachary T.D++-++++++-+---++---?5858
Oklahoma                         
1SullivanJohn A.R?++--++--+++++-?+++?7191
2BorenDanD+++++++++++-++++??++9492
3LucasFrank D.R+++--+++-+++++++++++8594
4ColeTomR+++--+++-++++++?++++8496
5FallinMaryR+++--+++-+++++++++++8585
Oregon                         
1WuDavidD---++++++-+---++---+5042
2WaldenGregR++++-+++-+++++++++++9096
3BlumenauerEarlD---+++-++-----++-+++5035
4DeFazioPeter A.D---+++-++-----?+---+3729
5HooleyDarleneD---+++-++-+---++-+++5551
Pennsylvania                         
1BradyRobert A.D---++?-++-+---++--+?4436
2FattahChakaD---+++-++-+---++-+++5532
3EnglishPhilR+++--+++++++++++++++9088
4AltmireJasonD+--+++-++-+---++--++5555
5PetersonJohn E.R+++--+++-+++++++++++8595
6GerlachJimR--++++++++++++++++++9089
7SestakJoseph A.D---++++++-+---++-+++6060
8MurphyPatrick J.D---++++++-+---++--++5555
9ShusterWilliamR+++-++++-++++++?++++8995
10CarneyChristopher P.D---+++++?-+---++--++5353
11KanjorskiPaul E.D---+++-++-+---++---+4532
12MurthaJohn P.D---+++-++-+---++-+-+5039
13SchwartzAllyson Y.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5549
14DoyleMichael F.D+--+?+-++-+---++--++5347
15DentCharles W.R++++++++++++++++++++10094
16PittsJoseph R.R-++---++-+++++++++++7592
17HoldenTimD---+++-++-+---++---+4553
18MurphyTimothy F.R-+++++++++++-++++-++8592
19PlattsTodd RussellR--+---+++++-++++++++7086
Rhode Island                         
1KennedyPatrick J.D---+++-++-+---++--++5030
2LangevinJames R.D---+++-++-+---++--++5040
South Carolina                         
1BrownHenry E.R+++--+++++++++++++++9096
2WilsonAddison GravesR+++---+--+++++-+++-+6575
3BarrettJ. GreshamR+++---+--+++++-+++++7087
4InglisBobR+++---++-+++++++++++8084
5SprattJohn M.D-+-++++++-+---++---+5547
6ClyburnJames E.D++-+++?++-+---++-+++6841
South Dakota                         
ALHerseth SandlinStephanieD+--++++++-+---++-+++6565
Tennessee                         
1DavisDavidR+++--+++-+++++++++++8585
2DuncanJohn J.R+++--++--++++++++--+7079
3WampZachR+++--+++-++-++-+++++7583
4DavisLincolnD+--++++++-+---++?+++6879
5CooperJamesD+--++++++++---++++++7558
6GordonBartD++-++++++-+---++-+++7056
7BlackburnMarsha W.R++?---++-++++?-+++++7292
8TannerJohn S.D-+-++++++-+---++-+++6569
9CohenStephen I.D---++++++-+---++---+5050
Texas                         
1GohmertLouieR+++---++-+++++++++++8088
2PoeTedR+++--++--+++?+-++?++7283
3JohnsonSamR+??--?+?-?+++?++++++7992
4HallRalph M.R+++--+++++++++++++++9079
5HensarlingThomas J.R+++---+--+++++-+++++7086
6BartonJoeR+++--+++-+++++++++++8590
7CulbersonJohn AbneyR+++--+++-+++++-++++?7991
8BradyKevinR+++---+--+++++++++++7594
9GreenAlD---+++-++-+---++--++5053
10McCaulMichael T.R+++--+++-+++++++++++8593
11ConawayK. MichaelR+++--+---+++++-+++++7088
12GrangerKayR+++--++--++++++?++++7995
13ThornberryMacR+++--+++++++++-+++++8592
14PaulRonR-??-?-+--+--+++??-++4762
15HinojosaRubenD+??+++-++-?---+?-+++6360
16ReyesSilvestreD+--++++?+-+---++-+++6349
17EdwardsChetD+++++++++-+---++-+++7563
18Jackson-LeeSheilaD---++++++-+---++--++5540
19NeugebauerRobertR+++---+--+++++-+++++7092
20GonzalezCharles A.D--++++-++-+---++-+++6052
21SmithLamar S.R+++--+++-+++++?+++++8493
22LampsonNickD+++++++++-+--++?++++8451
23RodriguezCiroD--+++++++-+---++--++6044
24MarchantKennyR+++---++-+?+++++?+++7890
25DoggettLloydD---+++-?+-+---++-+++5333
26BurgessMichael C.R+++--+?+-+++++-++-++7491
27OrtizSolomon P.D?+++++?++-+---++-+?+7146
28CuellarHenryD+-+++++++-+---++-+++7086
29GreenGeneD++++++-++-+---?+--++6346
30JohnsonEddie BerniceD+--+++-++-+---++-+++6042
31CarterJohn R.R+++--++--+++++++++++8094
32SessionsPeteR+++-?+?+++++++++++?+9493
Utah                         
1BishopRobert W.R+++??+++++++++-+?-?+8891
2MathesonJimD+++++++++-+---++++++8076
3CannonChrisR+++--+++-+++++-+++++8095
Vermont                         
1WelchPeter F.D---++++++-+---++--++5555
Virginia                         
1WittmanRobert J.R********************NANA
1DavisJo AnnR????**?????-???***??NA82
2DrakeThelma D.R-++--+++-+++++++++++8091
3ScottRobert C.D---+++-++-+---++--++5033
4ForbesJames RandyR-++--+?+-+++++++++++7992
5GoodeVirgil H.R+??-+-++-+-++++++--+6780
6GoodlatteBobR+++---++-++-++++++++7594
7CantorEricR+++---+-++++++++++++8096
8MoranJames P.D---+++-++-+---++-+++5553
9BoucherRickD++-++++++-+---++--++6542
10WolfFrank R.R--+++-+++++-++++++++8080
11DavisTomR-?++++++++++++++++++9591
Washington                         
1InsleeJayD+--+++-++-+-??+?-++?6350
2LarsenRickD+--++++++-+---++-+++6557
3BairdBrianD---++++++-+---?+-+++5852
4HastingsDocR+++--+++-+++?++++--+7496
5McMorris RodgersCathyR+++--+++-++++++++--+7589
6DicksNorman D.D---+++-?+-?---++-+++5039
7McDermottJimD---+++-++-----++-+++5026
8ReichertDavid G.R---+++++++++++++++++8582
9SmithAdamD+--++++++-+---++-+++6556
West Virginia                         
1MollohanAlan B.D++-+++-++-+---++---+5534
2CapitoShelley MooreR-++++++++-++++++++++9089
3RahallNick J.D++-++++++-+---++---+6033
Wisconsin                         
1RyanPaulR+-+--++--+++++++++++7592
2BaldwinTammyD---+++-++-+---++---+4525
3KindRonD---++++++-+---++-+++6049
4MooreGwenD---+++-++-+---++-?++5337
5SensenbrennerF. JamesR+++---+--+++++++++++7581
6PetriThomas E.R-+++++++-++-++++++++8579
7ObeyDavid R.D---+++-++-+---++--++5022
8KagenSteven L.D---+++-++-+---++--++5050
Wyoming                         
1CubinBarbaraR+++???+-?+?+?++???-?8091

Vote Descriptions - House

(1) Electricity Infrastructure— H.R. 2641

By a 257-174 vote, the House rejected an amendment to H.R. 2641, the Energy and Water appropriations bill, which would have prevented vital national interest electricity transmission corridors from being designated. The Chamber strongly opposed this amendment.

National interest transmission corridors were established in the Chamber-supported Energy Policy Act of 2005 to provide a federal backstop for siting of new electricity transmission lines to address serious near-term problems of ensuring adequate delivery of electricity.

The Chamber will continue to fi ght efforts in Congress to undo the national interest electricity transmission corridor provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

(2) Electricity Mandate—H.R. 3221

Despite the Chamber's strong opposition, the House approved 220-190 an amendment to H.R. 3221, New Direction for Energy Independence, National Security, and Consumer Protection Act, to establish an unworkable 15 percent nationwide renewable electricity mandate.

A requirement that 15 percent of electricity in every state come from renewables (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal, ocean, tidal, and incremental hydropower) is unworkable. Such a mandate would have ignored clean energy sources such as nuclear energy and clean coal and would have resulted in a wealth transfer from states without capacity for renewable energy to states abundant in renewable resources.

A similar mandate was rejected by the Senate, and it was not included in the energy legislation that became law.

(3) Punitive Energy Taxes— H.R. 2776

Despite strong opposition from the Chamber, the House approved by a vote of 221-189, H.R. 2776, the Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Tax Act of 2007. If enacted, this legislation would have established punitive taxes on the oil and natural gas sector.

The Chamber supports efforts to increase renewables and energy conservation. However, fossil fuels constitute 86 percent of the nation's energy mix and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. H.R. 2776 unfairly and punitively singled out the oil and natural gas industry for what would have amounted to a modern-day version of the 1980–1988 Windfall Profi t Tax. This 1980s-era tax reduced domestic oil production and increased foreign oil imports.

Throughout 2007, the Chamber strongly opposed several schemes considered in the House and Senate to single out the oil and natural gas sector for new taxes. Despite the vote on H.R. 2776, no punitive tax increases were included in energy policy legislation ultimately signed into law by President Bush on December 19.

(4) Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act— H.R. 3074

In July, the House passed H.R. 3074, the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 268-153, with the Chamber's full support. This legislation provides the necessary funding to ensure that the U.S. transportation system is the safest and most effi cient in the world.

The business community depends on a safe, reliable transportation system to remain competitive and productive. H.R. 3074 addresses the enormous demands of the U.S. transportation infrastructure system by providing funding for highway and transit programs authorized by the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, and Effi cient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). In addition, it provides full funding for the Federal Aviation Administration to improve the safety, performance, and capacity of the nation's aviation system.

This bill was ultimately folded into the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 and signed into law by the president on December 26.

(5) Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act— H.R. 3074

In a related measure in November, the House agreed to the conference report for H.R. 3074, by a 270-147 vote. The passage of this package was crucial to ensuring that the necessary funding levels for transportation programs were met in the fi nal Consolidated Appropriations Act.

(6) Water Resources Development Act—H.R. 1495

On November 6, the House voted to override the president's veto of H.R. 1495, the Water Resources Development Act, 361-54, with the full support of the Chamber.

This comprehensive water resources legislation is long overdue and provides the coordinated federal agenda needed to better protect the United States against severe weather and fl ooding and to facilitate commerce at the nation's waterways and ports.

H.R. 1495 provides the Army Corps of Engineers with the resources needed to undertake hundreds of fl ood control, navigation, and environmental mitigation projects over the next two years and ensures that transportation demands are met.

Following House action to override the president's veto, the Senate on December 8 voted to override the veto. The measure became law. The Water Resources Development Act—typically authorized on a two-year basis—is an important Chamber priority and had not been reauthorized since 2000.

(7) Small Business Compliance— H.R. 2829

With the Chamber's support, the House passed 267-154 an amendment to H.R. 2829, the Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act of 2008, that would have extended a moratorium on small business compliance with costly and overly burdensome requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Section 404 requires management and an external auditor to report on the adequacy of a company's internal control over fi nancial reporting.

While the Chamber supports effective internal controls and the intent of Sarbanes-Oxley, it strongly believes that smaller companies should not have to bear the disproportionately burdensome costs of Section 404 until the implementation of Section 404 has been fi xed.

Although this amendment did not become law, in mid-December, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced that it would delay the implementation of reporting requirements imposed on small businesses by Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. The Chamber will continue working to protect small businesses from being unfairly and disproportionately burdened.

(8) America COMPETES Act— H.R. 2272

By a 367-57 vote, the House passed H.R. 2272, the America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science Act. The Chamber strongly supported this legislation, which emphasizes more funding for math and science education and sciencefocused research and development, allowing the United States to remain competitive.

The legislation lays the foundation for signifi cantly increased federal investment for math and science research and education by authorizing funding for numerous programs such as the National Science Foundation; the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the Technology Innovation Program; and a new cutting-edge energy research agency, the Advanced Research Projects Agency for Energy.

If America is to remain competitive in the global, knowledge-based economy, it needs to restore excellence in math and science education and research. The COMPETES Act, which was signed into law on August 9, will do much to bolster these efforts.

(9) Terrorism Risk Insurance Revision and Extension Act— H.R. 2761

By a 312-110 vote, the House passed H.R. 2761, the Terrorism Risk Insurance Revision and Extension Act with the Chamber's full support. This legislation extends the previous Terrorism Risk Insurance Act for seven years.

Despite efforts to better protect the homeland, not enough has changed since the attacks of September 11, 2001, to justify allowing the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act to expire. Catastrophic terrorism remains an uninsurable risk because, unlike most insurable natural disasters, its frequency and location cannot be predicted, and its potential scale can be devastating.

Congress and the administration recognized the terrorism insurance crisis and passed the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002, which was extended in 2004. This legislation created a partnership between the government and the private sector to provide businesses with a much-needed sense of security in the event of a catastrophic domestic terror attack.

H.R. 2761 was passed under a unanimous consent agreement in the Senate on November 16 and signed into law by the president on December 26.

(10) SCHIP—H.R. 3162

On August 1, 2007, the House passed H.R. 3162, the Children's Health and Medicare Protection Act of 2007, by a vote of 225-204. The Chamber strongly opposed this legislation because it would have raised the federal excise tax on tobacco and made signifi cant cuts to Medicare Advantage plans to fund this important public program.

Prejudicing a narrow sector of the economy to fund a broad-based entitlement program hurts consumers, businesses, and regions in the United States whose economic well-being relies upon tobacco-based agricultural and industrial activities. Additionally, cutting Medicare Advantage plans acts as a double blow to the employer priorities of reducing health care costs through market competition and promoting superior health care for all Americans.

Multiple iterations of this legislation were considered by the House and Senate, but the tobacco tax and cuts to Medicare Advantage were considered throughout. The legislation was vetoed by the president, and attempts to override the veto were unsuccessful.

(11) FDA Amendments—H.R. 2900

With the full support of the Chamber, the House passed H.R. 2900, the Food and Drug Amendments Act of 2007, 403-16. This broadly supported, bipartisan legislation includes provisions that reauthorize the Prescription Drug User Fee Agreement (PDUFA) and the Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act (MDUFMA) and promotes greater product safety.

PDUFA has dramatically improved the drug approval process, remedying the signifi cant "drug lag" of the 1990s. Likewise, MDUFMA offers similar streamlining of the approval process for medical devices.

The Senate went on to approve similar legislation, H.R. 3580, which was signed into law by the president on September 27.

(12) Drug Price Negotiation— H.R. 4

Despite strong opposition by the Chamber, the House passed H.R. 4, the Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act of 2007, by a vote of 225-170. The bill would have not only removed the non-interference provision, a vital component of the Medicare Modernization Act, but would have gone further to require the Secretary of Health and Human Services to negotiate drug prices.

Ensuring robust competition in the overwhelmingly popular Medicare Part D program is among the Chamber's highest priorities for meeting the health care needs of retirees, employees, and businesses across the country. This program allows pharmacy benefi t managers, who provide drug coverage for 190 million Americans, to negotiate drug prices while offering competing versions and multiple plan offerings to seniors. This protects Medicare benefi ciaries from government-imposed price controls.

The Senate considered similar legislation, S. 3, that would have removed, but would not have required, the non-interference provision. Neither were signed into law.

(13) Employee Free Choice Act— H.R. 800

Despite strong opposition by the Chamber, the House passed 241-185, H.R. 800, the Employee Free Choice Act.

This legislation would have upended the democratic process by which employees determine whether they wish to be represented by a particular union. The National Labor Relations Act (NRLA), enacted more than 70 years ago, established a secret ballot system that protected the interests of unions, employers, and employees and ensured that the process was free from coercion and intimidation. If enacted, H.R. 800 would have amended NRLA to give unions the right to achieve recognition through a card check process, thus permitting labor unions to avoid secret ballot elections.

Although this legislation was ultimately defeated in the Senate, it is a major priority for unions and will undoubtedly come up again in future sessions of Congress. The Chamber will continue to fi ght this legislation to make certain employees maintain their rights to the time-honored secret ballot process and are free from intimidation and coercion by the unions.

(14) Ledbetter Fair Pay Act— H.R. 2831

Despite strong opposition by the Chamber, the House passed 225-199, H.R. 2831, the Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. This bill would amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and several other anti-discrimination laws to effectively abolish the statute of limitations in many cases.

H.R. 2831 is purported to overturn the Supreme Court's recent decision in Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., which rejected the "paycheck theory" of compensation discrimination that would have permitted claims to be fi led many years after an alleged act of discrimination occurs. If signed into law, H.R. 2831 would not only reverse this commonsense decision, but it could be applied broadly and create a situation where claims could be fi led decades after an allegedly discriminatory act occurred.

This legislation is now awaiting action in the Senate. The Chamber will continue to oppose this wrongheaded approach and work to preserve the intent of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

(15) Small Business Tax Relief Act— H.R. 976

In February, the House passed 360-45, H.R. 976, the Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2007. The Chamber supported this legislation, which would have provided tax relief to help generate job growth for small businesses.

H.R. 976 would have allowed small businesses to more easily afford large capital expenses by extending and increasing Section 179 small business expensing. It would have extended and enhanced the Work Opportunity Tax Credit, which provides incentives to employers to hire individuals from targeted groups that frequently experience barriers to work.

Unfortunately, the provisions of the legislation were never signed into law.

(16) Internet Tax—H.R. 3678

With the support of the Chamber, the House passed H.R. 3678, the Internet Tax Freedom Act Amendments Act of 2007, 402-0. The legislation provided for the extension of the Internet tax moratorium for an additional seven years, through November 1, 2014.

Every day, millions of Americans make countless transactions online, doing everything from buying products to managing their bank accounts. Extension of the Internet tax moratorium prevents consumers from unnecessary and burdensome taxes on Internet access.

The Senate passed H.R. 3678 under a unanimous consent agreement, and the president signed the bill into law on October 31, 2007.

(17) Temporary Tax Relief Act— H.R. 3996

Despite strong opposition by the Chamber, the House passed 216-193, H.R. 3996, the Temporary Tax Relief Act of 2007, a bill that would have signifi cantly increased taxes on American businesses. While the Chamber supported the goal of extending alternative minimum tax (AMT) relief, it did not agree with permanently increasing taxes on American businesses to pay for a short-term extension of AMT relief.

In an important victory for the Chamber, the House and Senate agreed to extend AMT relief without imposing any tax increases that would have harmed American businesses and the economy. The legislation was signed into law by the president on December 26.

(18) U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement—H.R. 3688

With strong support from the Chamber, the House passed H.R. 3688, the United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement Implementation Act by a 285-132 vote in November. This trade agreement brings tangible commercial benefi ts to American workers, farmers, and fi rms while advancing key U.S. foreign policy interests.

The agreement provides a level playing fi eld for American workers and farmers, ensuring that the United States gets liberalized access to the dynamic Peruvian market. Currently, most Peruvian products enter the U.S. market duty free, while American exports face an average tariff of 11 percent for manufactured goods and 16 percent for agricultural goods. This agreement corrects this unfair trade imbalance by eliminating nearly all tariffs on U.S. exports to Peru within a few years. The U.S. International Trade Commission estimates that this agreement will add $1.1 billion to U.S. exports and $2.1 billion to U.S. GDP.

On December 4, the Senate passed H.R. 3688, and the president signed the legislation into law on December 14.

(19) Andean Trade Preference Act Extension—H.R. 1830

In June the House passed, under suspension of the rules, H.R. 1830, the Andean Trade Preference Act Extension, 365-59. The Chamber strongly supported this legislation, which extends the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA), previously set to expire on June 30, 2007, through the end of February 2008. Both the foreign policy and the economic policy interests of the United States benefi t from an extension of this act.

For more than 15 years, the Andean Trade Preferences Act has surpassed expectations as a tool to generate trade, growth, and jobs in its benefi ciary countries. In Colombia and Peru alone, ATPA and the industries it supports have led directly to the creation of approximately 1.5 million jobs.

H.R. 1830 passed the Senate under a unanimous consent agreement and was signed into law by the president on June 30. The Chamber will continue its efforts to garner approval for the trade promotion agreements with Panama and Colombia.

(20) International Investment Reform—H.R. 556

With strong backing by the Chamber, the House passed H.R. 556, the National Security Foreign Investment Reform and Strengthened Transparency Act, by a 423-0 vote.

This bipartisan bill makes certain that the administration's process for vetting proposed foreign investments in the United States meets national security objectives while preserving an open, fair, and nondiscriminatory investment environment. Foreign investment in the United States supports employment for more than 5.1 million Americans who typically earn compensation well above the national average. In 2005, a number of foreign-owned companies reinvested $59 billion in profi ts back into the U.S. economy, providing U.S. fi rms with capital for expansion of production facilities and resources for increased research and development spending.

The Senate passed H.R. 556 in June under a unanimous consent agreement, and the bill was signed into law in July.

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