How They Voted 2008 - House

Each House vote used in the ratings is described separately and is identified by a number that corresponds to the numbers at the top of the columns of tabular information.

Key to Symbols

+"Correct" vote, supporting the Chamber's position'08%Percentage of correct votes of total cast by member on Chamber-selected issues during 2008, the second session of the 110th Congress.
-"Wrong" vote, contrary to the Chamber's position
?No recorded voteCUM%Average annual percentage of correct votes cast by member on Chamber-selected issues since the Chamber began rating members in 1965, or since that member's first year in Congress, through 2008.
SSpeaker did not vote
PVoted "present"
   Note: The percentage calculations were made using only + and - votes. The ?, S, and P votes were not included in the calculations.
   

 

ALABAMA123456789101112131415161718'08 %Cum %
1. Bonner (R)+++++++++++++-+?++9494
2. Everett (R)++-++++++++++-++++8987
3. Rogers (R)+++++++++++++-++-+8991
4. Aderholt (R)-+?++++++++++-++-+8284
5. Cramer (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+++7270
6. Bachus (R)+++++++++++++-++++9492
7. Davis (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6767
ALASKA                    
AL Young (R)--+++???+++++--+++7375
ARIZONA                    
1. Renzi (R)-++++++++-+++--+++7891
2. Franks (R)-+?+-++-++++-+++++7685
3. Shadegg (R)++++-++-+++++++++-8387
4. Pastor (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5036
5. Mitchell (D)++--+-+++-++++-+-+6764
6. Flake (R)--++-++--+++-++++-6171
7. Grijalva (D)-+--+--++-+-+--+-+4430
8. Giffords (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6764
ARKANSAS                    
1. Berry (D)++--+-+++-+++--+--5658
2. Snyder (D)+++-+-++???++--+-+6753
3. Boozman (R)+++++++++++++-++++9496
4. Ross (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6761
CALIFORNIA                    
1. Thompson (D)+--++-+++-+-+--+-+5652
2. Herger (R)+++++++-+++++-++++8992
3. Lungren (R)+++++++-++++++++++9488
4. Doolittle (R)--?++++--++++-++++7186
5. Matsui (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5648
6. Woolsey (D)+--++-+++-+-+--+-+5626
CALIFORNIA (cont.)                    
7. Miller (D)+---+-+++?+-+--?-+5024
8. Pelosi (D)+SS-SSSSS-S+S--S-+3826
9. Lee (D)+---?--++-+-+--+-+4125
10. Tauscher (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6156
11. McNerney (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6156
12. Speier (D)+---+-++???-+--+-?4343
13. Stark (D)-+--+--++-+??+-?-+4719
14. Eshoo (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6139
15. Honda (D)+-+-+--++-+-+--+-+5038
16. Lofgren (D)+-+-+-+++-+-+--+-+5637
17. Farr (D)++-++-+++-+-+--+-+6138
18. Cardoza (D)+?+-+-+++-+++--+-+6565
19. Radanovich (R)++++?++++++++-++++9493
20. Costa (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6774
21. Nunes (R)-+++++++++++++++++9495
22. McCarthy (R)-+++++++++++++++++9490
23. Capps (D)++-++-+++-+-+--+-+6146
24. Gallegly (R)-++++++++++++-++++8992
25. McKeon (R)++++++++++++++++++10096
26. Dreier (R)+++?++++++++++++++10095
27. Sherman (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6143
28. Berman (D)+++-+-+++?++?--+-+6932
29. Schiff (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6146
30. Waxman (D)++--+-+++-+-++-+-+6126
31. Becerra (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5032
32. Solis (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5033
33. Watson (D)++--+-+++-+-+--?-+5332
34. Roybal-Allard (D)-+--+--++-+-+--+-+4432
35. Waters (D)+-+-+--++-?-+--+-+4721
36. Harman (D)++--+-+++-++?+-+-+6559
37. Richardson (D)++--+-+++-+++--?-+5963
38. Napolitano (D)-+--+--++-+-+--+-+4438
39. Sanchez (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5035
40. Royce (R)-+++-++++++++++++-8383
41. Lewis (R)++++++++++++++++++10087
42. Miller (R)+++++++++++++++++?10097
43. Baca (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6749
44. Calvert (R)++++++++++++++++++10097
45. Bono Mack (R)+++++++++-+++-??++8892
46. Rohrabacher (R)-++++++-+++++++?+-8282
47. Sanchez (D)-?--+-+++-+-+--+--4145
48. Campbell (R)++++-++--+++++?++-7674
49. Issa (R)-+++?+++++++++++++9495
50. Bilbray (R)-++++++++-+++++?++8883
51. Filner (D)-+-++--++-+-+--+-?4728
52. Hunter (R)-+-++++++++++++++-8384
53. Davis (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5645
COLORADO                    
1. DeGette (D)++--+-+++-+-+-?+-+5937
2. Udall (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6145
3. Salazar (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6163
4. Musgrave (R)-++++++++++++-++++8990
5. Lamborn (R)-+++-++-++++++++++8377
6. Tancredo (R)++++-++--+++-++++-7279
7. Perlmutter (D)++--?-+++-+++--+-+5960
CONNECTICUT                    
1. Larson (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+?+6546
2. Courtney (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5050
3. DeLauro (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5630
4. Shays (R)+++-+-+++-++++-+++7869
5. Murphy (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6156
DELAWARE                    
AL Castle (R)+++-+-+++-++++-+++7883
FLORIDA                    
1. Miller (R)-++++++-++++++++++8983
2. Boyd (D)+++-+-+++-+++--++-6771
3. Brown (D)+++-+-+++-+++?-+-P6940
4. Crenshaw (R)+++++++++++++???++10097
5. Brown-Waite (R)-++++???+-+?+-++++7989
6. Stearns (R)-+++-+++++++++++++8983
7. Mica (R)-+++++++++++++++++9493
8. Keller (R)-++++++++-++++++++8995
9. Bilirakis (R)-++++++++-+++-++++8386
10. Young (R)-+++-++++-++++++++8383
11. Castor (D)-++-+-?++-+++?-+-+6359
12. Putnam (R)++++++++?++++-++++9493
13. Buchanan (R)+++-+++++-+++-++++8384
14. Mack (R)-++++++-++++++??++8885
15. Weldon (R)+++++++--+++++++++8988
16. Mahoney (D)+++-+-++?-+++-++++7676
17. Meek (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6153
18. Ros-Lehtinen (R)+++++-+++-+++--+++7878
19. Wexler (D)+??-+-+++??-+?-+--5435
20. Wasserman Schultz (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-?5950
FLORIDA (cont.)                    
21. Diaz-Balart (R)-++++-+++++++-+?++8279
22. Klein (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6767
23. Hastings (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-?6531
24. Feeney (R)-+++?++++++++++++?9489
25. Diaz-Balart (R)-++++-+++++++-++++8392
GEORGIA                    
1. Kingston (R)--++-++--++++-+++-6186
2. Bishop (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6761
3. Westmoreland (R)--+++++--++++++++-7282
4. Johnson (D)-+--+-++?-+-+--+-+4747
5. Lewis (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5022
6. Price (R)--+++++--++++++++-7286
7. Linder (R)-+++-++--++++++++-7295
8. Marshall (D)++-++-+++-+++--+-+6760
9. Deal (R)-++++++-+++++++++-8384
10. Broun (R)-+++-++--+++-++++-6767
11. Gingrey (R)-++++++-+++++-+++-7888
12. Barrow (D)-++++-+++-+++--+-+6773
13. Scott (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6767
HAWAII                    
1. Abercrombie (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5030
2. Hirono (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5651
IDAHO                    
1. Sali (R)-++++++-+++++-++++8379
2. Simpson (R)+++++++++++++-+++?9494
ILLINOIS                    
1. Rush (D)+-+-???+?????????+6736
2. Jackson (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6126
3. Lipinski (D)-++-+-+?+-+++--+-+5952
4. Gutierrez (D)+-+-+--++-+++--+-+5630
5. Emanuel (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6748
6. Roskam (R)-++++++++++++++?++9489
7. Davis (D)+++-+--++??-+--+-+5634
8. Bean (D)+++-+-+++-++++++++8377
9. Schakowsky (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6130
10. Kirk (R)+++-+++++-++++-+++8386
11. Weller (R)+??+++++?++?+-+?++9292
12. Costello (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5036
13. Biggert (R)+++++++++-++++++++9496
14. Foster (D)++P-+-+++-+-+--+-?5656
15. Johnson (R)-++++++++-+-+--++-6779
16. Manzullo (R)-+++-++++++++-++++8386
17. Hare (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5656
18. LaHood (R)+++-?++++++++--+++8287
19. Shimkus (R)-+++?++++++++-++++8890
INDIANA                    
1. Visclosky (D)-+--+-+++-+?+--+-+5332
2. Donnelly (D)+++-+-+++-+++-++-+7266
3. Souder (R)++++++++?++++-++++9488
4. Buyer (R)-+?++++++++++--+?+8193
5. Burton (R)-++++++-++++++++++8988
6. Pence (R)-+++-++-+??+++++++8190
7. Carson (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-?5353
8. Ellsworth (D)+++-+-+++-+++-++-+7281
9. Hill (D)-++-+-+++-+-+--+++6158
IOWA                    
1. Braley (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5660
2. Loebsack (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5657
3. Boswell (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6160
4. Latham (R)-++++++++++++-++++8997
5. King (R)-++++++-+++++-++++8390
KANSAS                    
1. Moran (R)-++++++-++++++++++8991
2. Boyda (D)-+--+-+++-+++--+-+5661
3. Moore (D)+++-+-+++?+++--+-+7160
4. Tiahrt (R)-++++++++++?+?++++9494
KENTUCKY                    
1. Whitfield (R)--+++++++-+++--+++7293
2. Lewis (R)+++++++++++++-?++?9492
3. Yarmuth (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6157
4. Davis (R)-++++++++++++-++++8990
5. Rogers (R)+++++++++++++-++++9485
6. Chandler (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6154
LOUISIANA                    
1. Scalise (R)-+++++++++++++++??9494
2. Jefferson (D)-??-+--++-+-+--+-+4446
3. Melancon (D)+++-+-+++?+++--+-+7177
4. McCrery (R)++++-+++++++++++++9496
5. Alexander (R)+++++++++++++-++++9486
6. Cazayoux (D)-++++-+++-+++--+??6969
7. Boustany (R)+++++++++++++-++++9492
MAINE                    
1. Allen (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6144
2. Michaud (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5047
MARYLAND                    
1. Gilchrest (R)+++-+-++?-+??--+++6787
2. Ruppersberger (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6758
3. Sarbanes (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6156
4. Edwards (D)++--+-+++-+-??????5858
5. Hoyer (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6732
6. Bartlett (R)--+++++-+++++-++++7886
7. Cummings (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5035
8. Van Hollen (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6144
MASSACHUSETTS                    
1. Olver (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5629
2. Neal (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6134
3. McGovern (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5035
4. Frank (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6125
5. Tsongas (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5658
6. Tierney (D)++?-+-+++-+-+--+-+5930
7. Markey (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5625
8. Capuano (D)+++-+-+++-+-++-+-+6734
9. Lynch (D)-+?-+-+++-+-+--+-+5341
10. Delahunt (D)-++-+-+++-+-+--+-+5635
MICHIGAN                    
1. Stupak (D)-+--+-+++-+++--+-+5635
2. Hoekstra (R)+++++++-++++--++++8389
3. Ehlers (R)+++?++++++++++++++10091
4. Camp (R)+++++++++++++-++++9496
5. Kildee (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6128
6. Upton (R)+++++++++++++--+++8993
7. Walberg (R)-++?+++++++++-++++8889
8. Rogers (R)-++++++++++++-++++8994
9. Knollenberg (R)+++-++++++++++-+++8996
10. Miller (R)-++++++++-+++--+++7893
11. McCotter (R)-+++++++?-+++-++++8288
12. Levin (D)+++-?-+++-+-+--+-+5934
13. Kilpatrick (D)++--+?-++-+-+--+-+5335
14. Conyers (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5020
15. Dingell (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5628
MINNESOTA                    
1. Walz (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5055
2. Kline (R)+++++++++++++-++++9495
3. Ramstad (R)+++-+-+++-++++-+?+7687
4. McCollum (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5638
5. Ellison (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5653
6. Bachmann (R)-+++++++++++++++++9485
7. Peterson (D)--+-?-++++?++--+--5062
8. Oberstar (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5624
MISSISSIPPI                    
1. Childers (D)-++-+-+++-+++-????6464
2. Thompson (D)-+--+--++-+++--+-+5039
3. Pickering (R)++?++++++++++-++++9493
4. Taylor (D)-+-++-+++-+++--+--5658
MISSOURI                    
1. Clay (D)-?+-+--++-+-+--+-+4746
2. Akin (R)-++++++-++++++++++8990
3. Carnahan (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6153
4. Skelton (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6157
5. Cleaver (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6154
6. Graves (R)-++++++++-+++-++++8396
7. Blunt (R)+++++++-++++--++++8392
8. Emerson (R)+++++++++-+++--+++8387
9. Hulshof (R)-+++????+-++?-???+7093
MONTANA                    
AL Rehberg (R)-++++++++++++-++++8994
NEBRASKA                    
1. Fortenberry (R)-+-++++++-+++--+++7287
2. Terry (R)++++++++++++++++++10093
3. Smith (R)-++++++++++++-++++8994
NEVADA                    
1. Berkley (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6752
2. Heller (R)-++++++++-++++++++8986
3. Porter (R)+++-+-+++++++--+++7893
NEW HAMPSHIRE                    
1. Shea-Porter (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5050
2. Hodes (D)-++-+-+++-+-+--+-+5653
NEW JERSEY                    
1. Andrews (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--??+6339
2. LoBiondo (R)-++-+++++-++-+-+++7271
3. Saxton (R)++++++++++++++++++10080
4. Smith (R)-+--+-+++-++++-+++6761
5. Garrett (R)-+++-++--+++++++++7885
6. Pallone (D)+++++-+++-+-+--+-+6735
7. Ferguson (R)+++++++++++++++??+10088
8. Pascrell (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5639
9. Rothman (D)-+-++-+++-+-+--+-+5637
10. Payne (D)-?-++--++-+-+--+-+4723
11. Frelinghuysen (R)++++++++++++++++++10087
12. Holt (D)++-++-+++-+-+--+-+6136
13. Sires (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+?+7163
NEW MEXICO                    
1. Wilson (R)++++???++-++++++++9392
2. Pearce (R)-++++++++++++-++++8993
3. Udall (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--?-+4734
NEW YORK                    
1. Bishop (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+?+7148
2. Israel (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6152
3. King (R)++++?+++++++++-+++9478
4. McCarthy (D)+++-+-+++-?++--+-+6553
5. Ackerman (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6732
6. Meeks (D)+++-+-+++-++?--+-+6548
7. Crowley (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6748
8. Nadler (D)++--?-+++-+-+--+-+5323
9. Weiner (D)++?-+-+++-+-+--+-+5940
10. Towns (D)+-+-+-+++-+-+--+-+5631
11. Clarke (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5660
12. Velaquez (D)++--+--++-+-+--+-+5029
13. Fossella (R)++++++++?++++?-+++9492
14. Maloney (D)+++-+-+++-+-+-?+-+6541
15. Rangel (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6124
16. Serrano (D)----+--++-+-+--+-+3926
17. Engel (D)+?+-+-+++-+++--+-+6531
18. Lowey (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6736
19. Hall (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5653
20. Gillibrand (D)-++-+-+++-+++??+-+6965
21. McNulty (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5634
22. Hinchey (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5027
23. McHugh (R)+++++++++-+++--+++8382
24. Arcuri (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6761
25. Walsh (R)+-?++++++++++-++++8881
26. Reynolds (R)+++++++++++?+-++++9495
27. Higgins (D)+++-+-+++-+++--?-+6553
28. Slaughter (D)++--+--+?-+-+--+-+4733
29. Kuhl (R)+++++++++-+++-++++8990
NORTH CAROLINA                    
1. Butterfield (D)-+--+-+++-+++--+-+5646
2. Etheridge (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6759
3. Jones (R)-+--+++++-+?+--+-+5972
4. Price (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6148
5. Foxx (R)--++-++-++++++++++7880
6. Coble (R)+++++++++++++-+++-8988
7. McIntyre (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6163
8. Hayes (R)-+--+-+++-+++--+-+5684
9. Myrick (R)++++++++++++-+??++9491
10. McHenry (R)-+++-++-++++-+++++7884
11. Shuler (D)-+--+-+++-+++--+-+5683
12. Watt (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6130
13. Miller (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6146
NORTH DAKOTA                    
AL Pomeroy (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6153
OHIO                    
1. Chabot (R)-+++-++++-++++++++8387
2. Schmidt (R)++++?++++-++++++++9491
3. Turner (R)-++++??++-+++-++++8195
4. Jordan (R)-+++-++-++++++++++8377
5. Latta (R)-++++++++++++-++++8989
6. Wilson (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6765
7. Hobson (R)++++-+++++++++++++9491
8. Boehner (R)+++++++-++++++++++9493
9. Kaptur (D)-+?-+-+++-+-+--+--4731
OHIO (cont.)                    
10. Kucinich (D)----+--++-+-+--+-+3922
11. Tubbs Jones (D)?????-+++-+-+--+-?5040
12. Tiberi (R)+++++++++-++++++++9497
13. Sutton (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6158
14. LaTourette (R)-+++++?++-+++--+++7683
15. Pryce (R)++?+?++++??+++++++10097
16. Regula (R)+++++++++++++-++++9480
17. Ryan (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6146
18. Space (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6160
OKLAHOMA                    
1. Sullivan (R)++++++++++++++++++10092
2. Boren (D)+++-+-+++-+++-++++7888
3. Lucas (R)-++++++++++++-++++8994
4. Cole (R)+++++++++++++-++++9496
5. Fallin (R)+++++++++++++-++++9490
OREGON                    
1. Wu (D)+---+-+++-+-+--+-+5043
2. Walden (R)+++++++++-+++-++++8995
3. Blumenauer (D)----+-+++?+-++-+-+5336
4. DeFazio (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5030
5. Hooley (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5651
PENNSYLVANIA                    
1. Brady (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5638
2. Fattah (D)++--+-?++-+-+--+-+5334
3. English (R)-++++-+++-+++--+++7287
4. Altmire (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6158
5. Peterson (R)++?+?++++++?+-+?++9395
6. Gerlach (R)+++++-+++-+++-??++8188
7. Sestak (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6161
8. Murphy (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6761
9. Shuster (R)+++++++++++++-++++9495
10. Carney (D)-++-+-+++-+++--?-+5956
11. Kanjorski (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6734
12. Murtha (D)+++-+-+++-++?--+-+6539
13. Schwartz (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5651
14. Doyle (D)+-+-+-+++-+-+--+-+5647
15. Dent (R)+++++-+++-++++-+++8391
16. Pitts (R)-+-??+++++++++++++8892
17. Holden (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6154
18. Murphy (R)-+?+?++++++++--+++8191
19. Platts (R)-++++++++-+++--+++7885
RHODE ISLAND                    
1. Kennedy (D)++--+-+++-+-+?-+-+5932
2. Langevin (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6143
SOUTH CAROLINA                    
1. Brown (R)+++++++++++++-++++9496
2. Wilson (R)++++++++++++++++++10078
3. Barrett (R)+++++++-++++++++++9488
4. Inglis (R)+++--+++++++++++++8985
5. Spratt (D)++--+-+++-+++--+-+6148
6. Clyburn (D)++--+--++-+++--+-+5642
SOUTH DAKOTA                    
AL Herseth Sandlin (D)--+-+-+++-+++--+-+5663
TENNESSEE                    
1. Davis (R)-++++++++++++-++++8987
2. Duncan (R)--+++++--+++-+++++7278
3. Wamp (R)+?++++?+++++++++++10084
4. Davis (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6176
5. Cooper (D)+++-+-+++-++++-++-7259
6. Gordon (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6757
7. Blackburn (R)-++++++-+++++-++++8390
8. Tanner (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+P+7169
9. Cohen (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6156
TEXAS                    
1. Gohmert (R)-?++++++-++?+-+++-7585
2. Poe (R)---+?++--+++?-+++-5676
3. Johnson (R)-+++-++-++++++++++8392
4. Hall (R)-++++++++-+++-++++8379
5. Hensarling (R)-+++-++--+++++++++7885
6. Barton (R)-+++++++++++++++++9490
7. Culberson (R)--++?+++++++++++++8891
8. Brady (R)+++??++-+++++-++++8893
9. Green (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6756
10. McCaul (R)-++++++++++++-++++8992
11. Conaway (R)+-+++++++++++-++++8988
12. Granger (R)++++++++++++++++?+10095
13. Thornberry (R)++++-++++++++-++++8992
14. Paul (R)---??++--++?-+++--4762
15. Hinojosa (D)++--+-+++-+++--?-+5960
16. Reyes (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6750
17. Edwards (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6763
18. Jackson-Lee (D)+++-?-+++-+-+--+-+5942
19. Neugebauer (R)-++?-++++++++-++++8290
20. Gonzalez (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6153
21. Smith (R)++++++++++++++++++10094
22. Lampson (D)-++??-++?-+++-++++7353
23. Rodriguez (D)-++-+-+++-+++--+-+6146
24. Marchant (R)-++++++--+++++++++8389
25. Doggett (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5034
26. Burgess (R)-+-++++-++++++++?-7688
27. Ortiz (D)+++-?-+++-+++--+-+6547
28. Cuellar (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+++7283
29. Green (D)-++-?-+++-+++--+-+5944
30. Johnson (D)+++-+--++-+-+--+-+5643
31. Carter (R)-++++++++++++?++++9494
32. Sessions (R)++++++++++++++++++10094
UTAH                    
1. Bishop (R)--+++++-+++++?++?+8190
2. Matheson (D)-++-+-+++-++++++++7876
3. Cannon (R)+-++-??-????++++++7593
VERMONT                    
AL Welch (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5623
VIRGINIA                    
1. Wittman (R)-++++++++-+++-++++8383
2. Drake (R)-++++++++++++-++++8991
3. Scott (D)-++-+-+++-?-+--+-+5334
4. Forbes (R)-++++++++-+++-+++-7890
5. Goode (R)--+++++++-++++++--7279
6. Goodlatte (R)-++++++++-+++-++++8393
7. Cantor (R)+++++++-++++++++++9496
8. Moran (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--+-+6154
9. Boucher (D)+-+-+-+++-+++--+-+6143
10. Wolf (R)+++++++++-++++++++9481
11. Davis (R)+++++++++++++++++-9491
WASHINGTON                    
1. Inslee (D)-++-+-+++-+-++-+-+6151
2. Larsen (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5657
3. Baird (D)+---+-+++-+++--+--5052
4. Hastings (R)-+++?++++++++-++++8896
5. McMorris Rodgers (R)-++++++++++++-++++8989
6. Dicks (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6740
7. McDermott (D)----+-+++-+-++-+-+5027
8. Reichert (R)-++-+-+++-++++++++7881
9. Smith (D)+++-+-+++-++++-+--6757
WEST VIRGINIA                    
1. Mollohan (D)+++-+-+++-+-+--?-+5935
2. Capito (R)-++++++++-+++--+++7888
3. Rahall (D)+++-+-+++-+++--+-+6734
WISCONSIN                    
1. Ryan (R)++++-++-++++-+++++8391
2. Baldwin (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5629
3. Kind (D)+++-+-+++-++++-+-+7251
4. Moore (D)+---+--++-+-++-+-+5040
5. Sensenbrenner (R)-+++-++-+-++-++++-6780
6. Petri (R)--+++++++-++-+-+++7279
7. Obey (D)++--+-+++-+-+--+-+5623
8. Kagen (D)-+--+-+++-+-+--+-+5050
WYOMING                    
AL Cubin (R)+???+????+++--+++-7590

Vote Descriptions - House

(1) EMERGENCY ECONOMIC STABILIZATION-H.R.1424

With strong support from the Chamber, the House passed H.R. 1424, the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act by a 263-171 vote following its approval by the Senate a day earlier. This legislation contains provisions needed to stabilize the U.S. financial system and unlock frozen credit markets that severely restrict the availability of credit to Main Street businesses and their customers.

H.R. 1424 established the Troubled Asset Relief Program to remove as much as $700 billion in illiquid and impaired assets from the system. In addition to provisions to shore up the financial system and preserve the flow of credit to the economy, the legislation includes several tax measures that are essential to Americans and businesses across the country. The bipartisan vote in the House cleared the way for the president to sign this critical bill into law on October 3. Enacting H.R. 1424 represents a significant step toward stabilizing the credit markets and supporting Main Street businesses.

(2) INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY ENFORCEMENT-S. 3325

On September 28, the House passed S. 3325, the Prioritizing Resources and Organization for Intellectual Property Act, or PRO-IP Act, by a vote of 381-41. The Senate approved this bill days earlier by unanimous consent.

The Chamber backed this legislation because significant steps are necessary to ensure that intellectual property theft does not undermine U.S. competitiveness in the 21st century. By updating the government's legal tools, beefing up resources, and facilitating better coordination among agencies, the Chamber believes that this bill will help stifle the massive growth of counterfeit and pirated goods that threaten both American businesses and consumers.

The president signed this bill into law on October 13.

(3) UNITED STATES-INDIA NUCLEAR AGREEMENT-H.R. 7081

By a 298-117 vote, the House passed H.R. 7081, the United States-India Nuclear Cooperation Approval and Nonproliferation Enhancement Act. The Chamber supported this legislation because it brings India into the international nuclear nonproliferation mainstream and enhances the safety of India's civil nuclear program. Also, of specific importance to the business community, the bill helps revitalize the U.S. nuclear industry and create thousands of high-tech American jobs.

House approval of H.R. 7081 represents a historic step to strengthen the growing partnership between the world's oldest and largest democracies and support thousands of U.S. jobs in
the process.

Following House passage of H.R. 7081, the Senate approved this legislation,
and the president signed it into law on October 8.

(4) ENERGY-H.R. 6899

On September 16, the House passed H.R. 6899, the Comprehensive American Energy Security and Consumer Protection Act by a 236-189 vote.

The Chamber opposed H.R. 6899 because, despite small gains in energy exploration, this bill would have significantly limited domestic energy production. Its burdensome restrictions would have prevented exploration in areas that are most likely to be fruitful, and the bill would have provided no real incentives for states to allow drilling along their coastlines. These shortcomings, coupled with provisions that would have established time limits on oil and gas leases, new punitive taxes, and an insufficient plan for a mandatory federal renewable electricity standard, made H.R. 6899 an incomplete and unacceptable plan to truly increase domestic energy production.

Following House passage, the Senate did not take any action on H.R. 6899.

(5) HIGHWAY TRUST FUND-H.R. 6532

The House passed H.R. 6532 by a vote of 376-29 on September 11. This bill authorizes a transfer from the General Revenue Fund to the Highway Trust Fund to prevent projects across the nation from being disrupted.

The Chamber supported H.R. 6532 because it helps preserve America's transportation system and economic competitiveness by ensuring funding for necessary upgrades and maintenance to the nation's highways.

House passage cleared the way for the president to sign H.R. 6532, which was previously approved by the Senate, into law on September 15.

(6) PAYCHECK LITIGATION EXPANSION-H.R. 1338

The House passed H.R. 1338, the Paycheck Fairness Act, on July 31 by a 247-178 vote. The Chamber opposed this bill because it would have distorted the intent of the Equal Pay Act by expanding remedies to include unlimited punitive and compensatory damages, even for inadvertent, unintentional conduct.

The legislation also would have significantly eroded employer defenses for legitimate pay disparities. By opening up compensation and employment decisions to second-guessing by courts and juries, this legislation would have led to an inefficient, cumbersome, and costly salary-setting process. Further, the bill would have made a number of regulatory changes at the Department of Labor that would do nothing to combat discrimination and, instead, would waste both enforcement and employer resources.

The Chamber will continue to oppose efforts led by the trial bar to enact this misguided proposal in the 111th Congress. H.R. 1338 was sent to the Senate and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

(7) PAYCHECK FAIRNESS AMENDMENT-H.R. 1338

The House approved a Chamber-supported amendment to H.R. 1338, the Paycheck Fairness Act, on July 31 by a 397-29 vote.

The amendment limits the expansion of punitive damages in paycheck-related litigation to cases that involve malice or reckless indifference.

Although the Chamber supported this amendment as an improvement to the underlying bill, it opposed final passage because the legislation continued to include provisions that would have expanded damages and would have eroded employer defenses for legitimate pay disparities.

The House passed H.R. 1338 by a vote of 247-178 on July 31 and sent it to the Senate. It was then referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

(8) COLLEGE OPPORTUNITY AND AFFORDABILITY-H.R. 4137

The House passed the conference report on H.R. 4137, the College Opportunity and Affordability Act by a 380-49 vote on July 31. The legislation reauthorizes and amends the Higher Education Act of 1965 by providing financial relief for students, enhancing access to and affordability of higher education, and creating more flexibility within the higher education system.

The Chamber supported the conference report because it allows employees to align their educational goals with the needs of American business.

Many of the programs highlighted in H.R. 4137-especially those related to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics-help reduce the education gap. This legislation also assists in developing long-term solutions to expand the pool of educated and qualified American workers and improve excellence in education.

The Senate approved the conference report 83-8 later that day, and the president signed it into law on August 14.

(9) ADA CLARIFICATION-H.R. 3195

In late June, after months of serious negotiation between the Chamber and groups that advocate on behalf of the disabled, the House passed H.R. 3195, the ADA Amendments Act by a 402-17 vote. This legislation sought to clarify coverage under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and overturn recent Supreme Court cases that led to an unduly narrow interpretation of the act.

The Chamber supported the compromise embodied in H.R. 3195 because it would have made compliance with the ADA comparatively easier for employers.

Although H.R. 3195 was not taken up by the Senate, it provided a starting point for discussion in that body. In early September, both houses unanimously approved Chamber-supported legislation by the same name, S. 3406, which the president signed into law on September 25.

(10) PRICE GOUGING-H.R. 6346

On June 24, the House failed by a margin of 276-146 to garner the two-thirds vote needed to pass H.R. 6346, the Federal Price Gouging Prevention Act.

The Chamber opposed this legislation because it would have levied excessive civil and criminal penalties, and even imprisonment, on those who sell gasoline or other fuels at prices deemed excessive based on arbitrary, capricious, subjective, and ill-defined standards. If enacted, H.R. 6346 likely would have worsened market conditions and reduced energy supplies.

(11) AVIATION PROGRAMS EXTENSION-H.R. 6327

On June 24, by a vote of 422-0, the House unanimously passed H.R. 6327, a bill that extends the authorization of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the Airport and Airway Trust Fund. The Chamber strongly supported this bill because it addresses some of America's critical infrastructure needs. H.R. 6327 ensures that the FAA continues to have the necessary funding to update and expand the capacity of our national aviation system.

After House approval, the Senate passed this measure by unanimous consent on June 26, and the president signed it into law on June 30.

(12) FISA REAUTHORIZATION-H.R. 6304

On June 20, with the Chamber's backing, the House passed H.R. 6304, the FISA Amendments Act by a vote of 293-129.

The federal government continually depends upon various industries for cooperation and help in national security matters, including homeland security programs. It also turns to businesses in times of crisis, when the speed, agility, and creativity of the private sector can
be critical to averting a terrorist attack.

As Congress updates our nation's surveillance laws, the Chamber believes it is critical that telecommunications providers are not subject to litigation for assistance they provided to the government in good faith and at the government's request.

The important liability provisions contained in H.R. 6304 help preserve the self-sustaining public-private partnership that the government has sought to protect our country in the post-September 11 world.

Following House passage, H.R. 6304 was passed by the Senate and subsequently signed into law on July 10.

(13) NASA AUTHORIZATION-H.R. 6063

On June 18, the House passed the NASA Authorization Act by a 409-15 vote. The Chamber supported this legislation because it ensures that NASA has the necessary resources to successfully conduct a balanced set of missions in human spaceflight, science, and aeronautics.

The legislation authorizes additional special funding changes to help close the five-year gap between the retirement of the space shuttle and the future NASA system to put humans into space.

The Senate subsequently passed H.R. 6063 by a voice vote, and the president signed the bill into law on October 15.

(14) FARM BILL-H.R. 2419

On May 21, by a vote of 316-108, the House voted to override a presidential veto on H.R. 2419, the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act-commonly known as the Farm Bill.

The Chamber opposed this action because the legislation fails to reduce agricultural subsidies to farmers, encourage market-based reforms to the nation's agricultural policy, or promote international trade liberalization. Reform of the national agricultural policy is long overdue. However, this bill, instead, implements trade impediments and provides unnecessary and inefficient agricultural subsidies, which hurt America's competitiveness.

On May 22, the Senate also voted to override the president's veto, and H.R. 2419 became law.

(15) SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS AMENDMENT-H.R. 2642

Despite the Chamber's strong objection, on May 15 by a vote of 256-166, the House passed an amendment to H.R. 2642, the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Act-legislation approved by the House and Senate and subsequently used as a vehicle to make supplemental appropriations for the war. The Chamber opposed the amendment, which contained provisions related to domestic spending, because it would have imposed a 0.47% tax surcharge on individuals earning more than $500,000 and couples earning more than $1 million in adjusted gross income. If enacted, this so-called patriot tax would have had a detrimental impact on small businesses that pay taxes at individual rates. Small businesses are responsible for creating 7 out of 10 new jobs, and this tax hike would have severely hampered their ability to continue this trend.

Although this amendment passed the House, it was not included in the final version of H.R. 2642, which became law on June 30.

(16) FACTA CLARIFICATION-H.R. 4008

On May 13, the House unanimously passed H.R. 4008, the Credit and Debit Card Receipt Act, by a vote of 407-0.

The Chamber supported this legislation because it addresses an unintended loophole in the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA), which allowed lawsuits to be filed against companies that print credit card expiration dates on receipts that are otherwise FACTA compliant. Although such an oversight does not result in consumer harm, it has exposed many businesses to class action lawsuits. H.R. 4008 protects businesses of all sizes from potentially costly, frivolous lawsuits while preserving a consumer's right to file lawsuits in the event of actual harm.

H.R. 4008 subsequently passed the Senate by unanimous consent and was signed into law by the president on June 3.

(17) U.S.-COLOMBIA TRADE AGREEMENT-H.RES. 1092

Despite the Chamber's strong objections, the House approved H.Res. 1092 by a 224-195 vote on April 10. This resolution effectively removed the timeline established by the Trade Promotion Authority Act for consideration of the U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement.

The Chamber opposed this action by the House because of the economic and diplomatic importance of passing the U.S.-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement expeditiously. Approving the agreement would bring tangible benefits to American workers, farmers, and companies while solidifying the relationship with one of America's closest allies in
Latin America.

As a result of the change to House rules contained in H.Res. 1092, the 110th Congress adjourned without a vote on this pending agreement.

(18) ECONOMIC STIMULUS REBATES-H.R. 5140

On January 29, the House passed H.R. 5140, the Recovery Rebates and Economic Stimulus for the American People Act, by a vote of 385-35. This legislation provides incentives to encourage consumer spending, increase business investment, and promote job growth, all of which are critical to improving the nation's economic outlook. The Chamber supported this bill because it includes bonus depreciation and increased expensing provisions, which reduce the amount of time required for businesses to recover investment costs. In addition, the legislation increases loan limits for government-sponsored enterprises and for the Federal Housing Administration.

The bipartisan vote in the House cleared the way for the president to sign this important bill into law on February 13.

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