How They Voted 2009 - House

Each House vote used in the ratings is described separately and is identified by a number that corresponds to the numbers at the top of the columns of tabular information.

Key to Symbols

+"Correct" vote, supporting the Chamber's position'08%Percentage of correct votes of total cast by member on Chamber-selected issues during 2008, the second session of the 110th Congress.
-"Wrong" vote, contrary to the Chamber's position
?No recorded voteCUM%Average annual percentage of correct votes cast by member on Chamber-selected issues since the Chamber began rating members in 1965, or since that member's first year in Congress, through 2008.
SSpeaker did not vote
PVoted "present"
N/AInsufficient votes cast Note: The percentage calculations were made using only + and - votes. The ?, S, and P votes were not included in the calculations.
   
    1234567891011121314152009%2009 Cum
 ALABAMA                   
1BonnerRAL+++++++-+++++-+8793
2BrightDAL++++++++++++--+8787
3RogersRAL+++++++++++++-+9392
4AderholtRAL++++?+?++++++-+9285
5GriffithRAL++++++++++++--+8787
6BachusRAL+++++++--++++-+8091
7DavisDAL---+++-?+++--+-5064
 ALASKA                   
ALYoungRAK???+?++?+++++-+9076
 ARIZONA                   
1KirkpatrickDAZ++-++--++++-++-6767
2FranksRAZ+++++++---+++-+7383
3ShadeggRAZ+++++++---+++-?7186
4PastorDAZ----+--+++---+-3336
5MitchellDAZ+++++--+++++++-8069
6FlakeRAZ+++++++---?++-+7171
7GrijalvaDAZ----+--+++---+-3331
8GiffordsDAZ---++--+++---+-4056
 ARKANSAS                   
1BerryDAR+++++-+++++--+?7959
2SnyderDAR---++--+++--++?5053
3BoozmanRAR+++++++-+-+++-+8094
4RossDAR+++++++++++--+-8063
 CALIFORNIA                   
1ThompsonDCA---++--+++---+-4051
2HergerRCA+++++++---+++-+7391
3LungrenRCA++++++++--+++-+8089
4McClintockRCA+++++++---+++-+7373
5MatsuiDCA---++--+++---+-4046
6WoolseyDCA----+--+++---+-3327
7MillerDCA----+--+++---+-3325
8PelosiDCAS-SSS-SSSS--S+-1725
9LeeDCA----+--+++---+-3326
10GaramendiDCA----+--????????1414
10TauscherDCA??????????---+-2053
11McNerneyDCA---++--+++---+-4050
12SpeierDCA----+--+++---+-3338
13StarkDCA----+--++++?-+-4320
14EshooDCA----+--+++---+-3339
15HondaDCA----+--+++---+-3338
16LofgrenDCA????+--?++---+-4037
17FarrDCA----+--+++---+-3337
18CardozaDCA---++-+?++---+-4362
19RadanovichRCA+++?+++-?-+++-+7792
20CostaDCA-++++-+++++--+-6772
21NunesRCA+++++++---+++-+7392
22McCarthyRCA+++++++-+-+++-+8086
23CappsDCA----+--++?---+-2945
24GalleglyRCA+++++++-+-+++-?7992
25McKeonRCA+++++++++-+++-+8795
26DreierRCA+++++++?+-+++-+8694
27ShermanDCA----+--+++---+-3342
28BermanDCA----+--+++---+-3332
29SchiffDCA----+--+++---+-3345
30WaxmanDCA----+--+++---+-3326
31BecerraDCA----+--+++---+-3332
32ChuDCA----+--+++?????4040
32SolisDCA?????????????+-5035
33WatsonDCA----+--+++---+-3332
34Roybal-AllardDCA----+--+++---+-3332
35WatersDCA----+-?+++---+-3622
36HarmanDCA--+++--+++---+-4758
37RichardsonDCA---?+--?++---+-3152
38NapolitanoDCA----+--+++---+-3338
39SanchezDCA----+-?+++---+-3635
40RoyceRCA+++++++-+-+++-+8083
41LewisRCA++++++++--+++-+8086
42MillerRCA+++++++--+++?- 7795
43BacaDCA---++--+++---+-4048
44CalvertRCA++++++++-++++-+8797
45Bono MackRCA+++++++++--++-+8091
46RohrabacherRCA++++++++--++--+7382
47SanchezDCA----+--+++--?+-3644
48CampbellRCA+++++++-+-+++?+8676
49IssaRCA+++++++---+++-+7392
50BilbrayRCA+++++++++++++-+9384
51FilnerDCA----+--+++---+-3329
52HunterRCA+++++++-+-+++-+8080
53DavisDCA---++--+++---+-4044
 COLORADO                   
1DeGetteDCO----+--+++---+-3336
2PolisDCO--+++--+++---+-4747
3SalazarDCO---++--++++--+-4760
4MarkeyDCO-+++++++++-+-+-7373
5LambornRCO+++++++---+++-+7375
6CoffmanRCO+++++++---+++-+7373
7PerlmutterDCO---++--+++---+-4053
 CONNECTICUT                   
1LarsonDCT----+--+++---+-3344
2CourtneyDCT----+--+++---+-3344
3DeLauroDCT----+--+++---+-3330
4HimesDCT---++--+++---+-4040
5MurphyDCT---++--+++---+-4050
 DELAWARE                   
ALCastleRDE++++++++++-++--8083
 FLORIDA                   
1MillerRFL+++++++---+++-+7382
2BoydDFL-+++++-+++---+-6070
3BrownDFL---++--+++---+-4040
4CrenshawRFL+++++++++-+++-+8796
5Brown-WaiteRFL+++++++-+-++--+7386
6StearnsRFL+++++++-+-+++-+8083
7MicaRFL+++++++-+-+++-+8092
8GraysonDFL----+--+++---+-3333
9BilirakisRFL+++++++-+-++--+7382
10YoungRFL++++++++--+++-+8083
11CastorDFL----+--+++---+-3350
12PutnamRFL+++++++++++++-+9393
13BuchananRFL+++++++++-+++-+8785
14MackRFL+++++++---+++-+7383
15PoseyRFL+++++++++++++-+9393
16RooneyRFL+++++++++-+++-+8787
17MeekDFL---++--+++---+-4051
18Ros-LehtinenRFL++-+++++++++---7378
19WexlerDFL----+--+++---+-3335
20Wasserman SchultzDFL---++--+++---+-4048
21Diaz-BalartRFL++?+++++++++---7979
22KleinDFL---++--+++---+-4058
23HastingsDFL----+--+++?--+-3631
24KosmasDFL--++++-+++---+-5353
25Diaz-BalartRFL++++++++++++---8090
 GEORGIA                   
1KingstonRGA+++++++---+++-+7385
2BishopDGA-++++--+++---+-5361
3WestmorelandRGA+++++++---++?-+7180
4JohnsonDGA----+--+++---+-3342
5LewisDGA---++--+++-?-+-4323
6PriceRGA+++++++---+++-+7384
7LinderRGA+++++++---+++-+7393
8MarshallDGA-+-+++++++++-+-7362
9DealRGA+++?+++---+++-+7183
10BrounRGA+++++++---+++-+7370
11GingreyRGA+++++++---+++-+7386
12BarrowDGA-+-+?+-+++++-+-6471
13ScottDGA--+++--+++---+-4764
 HAWAII                   
1AbercrombieDHI----+--?++---+-2930
2HironoDHI----+--+++---+-3345
 IDAHO                   
1MinnickDID-++++++++++++-+8787
2SimpsonRID++++++++--+++-+8093
 ILLINOIS                   
1RushDIL--+++--+++---+-4736
2JacksonDIL----+--+++-?-+-3626
3LipinskiDIL--+++--+++---P-4350
4GutierrezDIL----+--+++---+-3330
5QuigleyDIL--+-+--+++--???4242
6RoskamRIL+++++++-+-+++-+8086
7DavisDIL---++--+++---+-4034
8BeanDIL---++--?++---+-3668
9SchakowskyDIL----+--+++---+-3330
10KirkRIL++++++++++-++-+8786
11HalvorsonDIL+-+++-++++---+-6060
12CostelloDIL--+?+--++++--+-5037
13BiggertRIL+++++++++++++-+9395
14FosterDIL---++--+++++-+-5355
15JohnsonRIL+++++++++++++--8780
16ManzulloRIL+++++++---+++-+7385
17HareDIL----+-++++---+-4050
18SchockRIL+++++++++++++-+9393
19ShimkusRIL+++++++---+++-+7389
 INDIANA                   
1ViscloskyDIN+---+--++++--+-4733
2DonnellyDIN--+++--++++--+-5362
3SouderRIN+++++++-+++++-+8788
4BuyerRIN+++++++?+++++-+9393
5BurtonRIN+++++++---+++-+7387
6PenceRIN+++++++---+++-+7388
7CarsonDIN----+--+++---+-3343
8EllsworthDIN--+-+--++++--+-4763
9HillDIN+++++--+++---+-6058
 IOWA                   
1BraleyDIA----+--+++--++-4053
2LoebsackDIA----+--+++--?+-3650
3BoswellDIA--+++--+++---+-4759
4LathamRIA+++++++-+-+++-+8096
5KingRIA+++++++---+++-+7388
 KANSAS                   
1MoranRKS+++++++-+-+++-+8090
2JenkinsRKS+++++++-+++++-+8787
3MooreDKS---++--+++---+-4058
4TiahrtRKS+++++++---+++-?7193
 KENTUCKY                   
1WhitfieldRKY+++++++++++++-+9393
2GuthrieRKY+++++++-+-+++-+8080
3YarmuthDKY---++--+++---+-4051
4DavisRKY+++++++-+++++-+8789
5RogersRKY+++++++-+++++-+8785
6ChandlerDKY++++++?++?---+-6957
 LOUISIANA                   
1ScaliseRLA+++++++-+-+++-+8087
2CaoRLA+++++-++++++---7373
3MelanconDLA-+++?+-++++--+-6474
4FlemingRLA+++++++-+-+++-+8080
5AlexanderRLA+++++++-+-+++-+8085
6CassidyRLA+++++++++-+++-+8787
7BoustanyRLA+++++++-+-+++-+8089
 MAINE                   
1PingreeDME----+--+++---+-3333
2MichaudDME---++--+++---+-4046
 MARYLAND                   
1KratovilDMD-+++++-+++-+-+-6767
2RuppersbergerDMD---++--+++---+-4055
3SarbanesDMD----+--+++---+-3348
4EdwardsDMD----+--+++---+-3346
5HoyerDMD---++--+++---+-4032
6BartlettRMD+++++++++++++-+9386
7CummingsDMD---++--+++---+-4035
8Van HollenDMD----+--+++---+-3342
 MASSACHUSETTS                   
1OlverDMA----+--+++---+-3329
2NealDMA---++--+++---+-4034
3McGovernDMA----+--+++---+-3335
4FrankDMA----+--+++---+-3326
5TsongasDMA----+--+?+---+-2948
6TierneyDMA----+--+++---+-3330
7MarkeyDMA----+--+++---+-3325
8CapuanoDMA----?--+++---+-2934
9LynchDMA?---+--+++---+-3641
10DelahuntDMA----+--+++---+-3335
 MICHIGAN                   
1StupakDMI+-+-+--+++---+-4736
2HoekstraRMI+++++++--++++-+8089
3EhlersRMI++++++?++++++-+9391
4CampRMI+++++++++++++-+9396
5KildeeDMI----+--+++---+-3328
6UptonRMI+++++++++++++-+9393
7SchauerDMI---++--+++---+-4040
8RogersRMI++++++?++++++-+9394
9PetersDMI---++--+++---+-4040
10MillerRMI+++++++++++++-+9393
11McCotterRMI+++++++++++++-+9388
12LevinDMI---++--+++--?+-4334
13KilpatrickDMI----+--+++---+-3335
14ConyersDMI----+--+++---+-3320
15DingellDMI----+--+++---+-3328
 MINNESOTA                   
1WalzDMN--+++--+++---+-4752
2KlineRMN+++++++-+-+++-+8092
3PaulsenRMN++++++++-++++-+8787
4McCollumDMN----+--+++---+-3338
5EllisonDMN---++--+++---+-4049
6BachmannRMN+++++++---+++-+7381
7PetersonDMN--+-++-+++-----4061
8OberstarDMN?---+--+++---+-3624
 MISSISSIPPI                   
1ChildersDMS-+++++-+++++-+-7369
2ThompsonDMS---++--+++--?+-4339
3HarperRMS+++++++-+-+++-+8080
4TaylorDMS++-+++++++++---7358
 MISSOURI                   
1ClayDMO----+--+++---+-3344
2AkinRMO+++++++---+++-+7388
3CarnahanDMO---++--+++---+-4050
4SkeltonDMO++++++++++---+-7357
5CleaverDMO----+-?+++---+-3650
6GravesRMO+++++++-+-+++-?7994
7BluntRMO+++++++++-+++-+8792
8EmersonRMO+++++++-+++++-+8787
9LuetkemeyerRMO+++++++-+-+++-+8080
 MONTANA                   
ALRehbergRMT+++++++-+-+++-+8092
 NEBRASKA                   
1FortenberryRNE+++++++++-+++-+8787
2TerryRNE+++++++++++++-+9393
3SmithRNE+++++++--++++-+8093
 NEVADA                   
1BerkleyDNV---++--+++---+-4050
2HellerRNV+++++++++-+++-+8785
3TitusDNV----+--+++---+-3333
 NEW HAMPSHIRE                   
1Shea-PorterDNH---+?--+++---+-3645
2HodesDNH---+?--+++---+-3647
 NEW JERSEY                   
1AndrewsDNJ----+--+++---+-3339
2LoBiondoRNJ++++++++++-++-+8772
3AdlerDNJ---+++-+++---+-4747
4SmithRNJ++++++++++-++--8061
5GarrettRNJ+++++++---+++-+7383
6PalloneDNJ----+--+++--?+-3635
7LanceRNJ++++++++++-++-+8787
8PascrellDNJ----+--+++--?+-3639
9RothmanDNJ----+--+++---+-3337
10PayneDNJ----+--+++---+-3323
11FrelinghuysenRNJ+++++++++++++-+9387
12HoltDNJ----+--+++---+-3336
13SiresDNJ----+--+++---+-3353
 NEW MEXICO                   
1HeinrichDNM---++--+++---+-4040
2TeagueDNM+++++++++--+-+-7373
3LujanDNM---++--+++---+-4040
 NEW YORK                   
1BishopDNY----+--+++---+-3345
2IsraelDNY----+--+++---+-3350
3KingRNY+++++++++++++-+9379
4McCarthyDNY---++--+++---+-4052
5AckermanDNY----+--+++---+-3332
6MeeksDNY---++--+++---+-4048
7CrowleyDNY---++--+++---+-4048
8NadlerDNY----+--+++---+?3624
9WeinerDNY----+--+++---+-3339
10TownsDNY---++--+++---+-4032
11ClarkeDNY----+--+++---+-3351
12VelazquezDNY----+--+++---+-3329
13McMahonDNY--++++-+++---+-5353
14MaloneyDNY---++--+?+---+-3641
15RangelDNY?--++--+++---+-4324
16SerranoDNY----+--+++---+-3326
17EngelDNY---++--+++---+-4031
18LoweyDNY----+--+++---+-3336
19HallDNY---++--+++---+-4049
20MurphyDNY--++++-+++-????6464
21TonkoDNY----+--+++---+-3333
22HincheyDNY----+--+++---+-3327
23OwensDNY--+++--????????4343
23McHughRNY??????????-+--+4080
24ArcuriDNY--+++--++++--+-5358
25MaffeiDNY---++--+++---+-4040
26LeeRNY+++++++++++++?+100100
27HigginsDNY---+?--+++---+-3649
28SlaughterDNY????+--+++---+-4533
29MassaDNY++++++-++++--+-7373
 NORTH CAROLINA                   
1ButterfieldDNC---++--+++---+-4045
2EtheridgeDNC---++--+++---+-4058
3JonesRNC++-++++-++++--?7172
4PriceDNC----+--+++---+-3348
5FoxxRNC+++++++---+++-+7378
6CobleRNC+++++++--++++-+8087
7McIntyreDNC++++++-+++++-+-8064
8KissellDNC--++++-++++--+-6060
9MyrickRNC+++++++-+-+++-+8090
10McHenryRNC+++++++---+++-+7382
11ShulerDNC-+++++-+++-----5355
12WattDNC----+--+++--?+-3630
13MillerDNC----+--+++---+-3344
 NORTH DAKOTA                   
ALPomeroyDND--+++--++++--+-5353
 OHIO                   
1DriehausDOH--+++--+++---+-4747
2SchmidtROH+++++++---++?-+7187
3TurnerROH++-+++++-++++-+8093
4JordanROH+++++++---+++-+7375
5LattaROH++++++++--+++-+8085
6WilsonDOH--+++--++++--+-5361
7AustriaROH+++++++-+++++-+8787
8BoehnerROH+++++++-+-+++-+8093
9KapturDOH+---+--+++---+-4031
10KucinichDOH+---++-+++++-+-6025
11FudgeDOH----+--+++---+-3333
12TiberiROH++++++++-++++-+8796
13SuttonDOH----+--+++---+-3350
14LaTouretteROH+++++++++++++-+9383
15KilroyDOH----+--+++---+-3333
16BoccieriDOH--++++++++---+-6060
17RyanDOH----+--+++---+-3344
18SpaceDOH+++++-++?+---+-6461
 OKLAHOMA                   
1SullivanROK+++?+++---?++-+6989
2BorenDOK++++++++++++-+-8788
3LucasROK+++++++--++++-+8093
4ColeROK+++++++-+-+++-+8093
5FallinROK+++++++-+-+++-+8086
 OREGON                   
1WuDOR----+--+++---+-3342
2WaldenROR+++++++?+-+++-+8695
3BlumenauerDOR---++--+++---+-4036
4DeFazioDOR---++--++++----4030
5SchraderDOR+-+++--+++---+-5353
 PENNSYLVANIA                   
1BradyDPA----+--+++---+-3337
2FattahDPA----+--+++---+-3334
3DahlkemperDPA--+-+--++++--+-4747
4AltmireDPA--++++-++++--+-6059
5ThompsonRPA+++++++++-+++-+8787
6GerlachRPA+++++++++++++--8788
7SestakDPA----+--++?--++-3652
8MurphyDPA---++-?+++---+-4355
9ShusterRPA+++++++-+++++-+8794
10CarneyDPA--+++--+?++--+-5054
11KanjorskiDPA----+--+++---+-3334
12MurthaDPA-???+--+++---+-4239
13SchwartzDPA---++--+++---+-4048
14DoyleDPA----+--+++---+-3346
15DentRPA+++++++++++++--8790
16PittsRPA+++++++-+++++-+8791
17HoldenDPA--++++-++++--+-6054
18MurphyRPA+++++++++++++-+9391
19PlattsRPA+++++++++++++-+9386
 RHODE ISLAND                   
1KennedyDRI----+--+++--?+-3632
2LangevinDRI----+--+++---+-3341
 SOUTH CAROLINA                   
1BrownRSC+++++++-+-+++-?7994
2WilsonRSC+++++++-+-+++-+8078
3BarrettRSC+++??++?-?+++-+8287
4InglisRSC+++++++--++++-+8084
5SprattDSC--+++--+++---+-4748
6ClyburnDSC----+--+++---?-2941
 SOUTH DAKOTA                   
ALHerseth SandlinDSD-++++++++++--+?7966
 TENNESSEE                   
1RoeRTN+++++++++-+++-+8787
2DuncanRTN+++++++---++--+6778
3WampRTN+++++++?+++++-+9385
4DavisDTN+++++++++++--+-8077
5CooperDTN---++--+++---+-4058
6GordonDTN--++++-+++---+-5357
7BlackburnRTN+++++++---+++-+7388
8TannerDTN--++++-++?+--+-5768
9CohenDTN----+--+++---+-3348
 TEXAS                   
1GohmertRTX+++++++?--+++-+7984
2PoeRTX+++++++---+++-+7375
3JohnsonRTX+++++++-?-+++-+7991
4HallRTX+++++++++++++-+9379
5HensarlingRTX+++++++---+++-+7383
6BartonRTX+++++++++?++?-+9290
7CulbersonRTX+++++++---+++-+7389
8BradyRTX+++++++---+++-+7392
9GreenDTX----+--+++---+-3352
10McCaulRTX+++++++++-+++-+8791
11ConawayRTX++++++?---+++-+7185
12GrangerRTX+++++++-+-+?+-?7794
13ThornberryRTX+++++++---+++-+7391
14PaulRTX++-++++---+++-+6762
15HinojosaDTX----+--?++-?-+-3158
16ReyesDTX--+-+--+++---+-4049
17EdwardsDTX+-++++-++++--+-6763
18Jackson LeeDTX----+--+++---+-3341
19NeugebauerRTX+++++++-?-+++-+7988
20GonzalezDTX---+?--+++---+-3651
21SmithRTX+++++++++-+++-+8793
22OlsonRTX+++++++-+-+++-+8080
23RodriguezDTX-++++--++++--+-6047
24MarchantRTX+++++++---+++-+7385
25DoggettDTX----+--+++---+-3334
26BurgessRTX+++++++---+?+-+7186
27OrtizDTX+++++--++++--+-6748
28CuellarDTX+++++--+++---+-6078
29GreenDTX---++--+++---+-4043
30JohnsonDTX----+--+?+---+-2942
31CarterRTX++++++?-+-+++-+7992
32SessionsRTX???++++-+-+++-+7592
 UTAH                   
1BishopRUT++++?++-+-+++-+7988
2MathesonDUT-+++++-+++++++-8077
3ChaffetzRUT+++++++-+-+++-+8080
 VERMONT                   
ALWelchDVT----+--+++---+-3348
 VIRGINIA                   
1WittmanRVA+++++++++-+++-+8785
2NyeDVA--++++-+++++-+-6767
3ScottDVA----+--+++---+-3334
4ForbesRVA+++++++?+-+++-+8690
5PerrielloDVA+-+-+-++++-?-+-5757
6GoodlatteRVA+++++++---+++-+7392
7CantorRVA+++++++---++P-+7193
8MoranDVA?????--+++--++-5054
9BoucherDVA++++++-+++---+?7144
10WolfRVA+++++++++++++-+9381
11ConnollyDVA--+++--+++---+-4747
 WASHINGTON                   
1InsleeDWA---++--?++---+-3649
2LarsenDWA--++?--+++---+-4355
3BairdDWA---+++++++---+?5752
4HastingsRWA+++++++-+-+++-+8095
5McMorris RodgersRWA+++++++-+-+++-+8087
6DicksDWA---++--+++---+-4040
7McDermottDWA----+-?+++---+-3628
8ReichertRWA++++++++++-++--8081
9SmithDWA--+++--+++---+-4756
 WEST VIRGINIA                   
1MollohanDWV--+++--++++--+-5336
2CapitoRWV+++++++++++++-+9388
3RahallDWV--+++--++++--+-5334
 WISCONSIN                   
1RyanRWI+++++++---+++-+7389
2BaldwinDWI????+--+++---+-4530
3KindDWI--+++--+++---+-4751
4MooreDWI----+--+++---+-3339
5SensenbrennerRWI+++++++---+++-+7380
6PetriRWI+++++++-+-+++-+8079
7ObeyDWI----+--+++---+-3323
8KagenDWI---++--+++---+?4348
 WYOMING                   
ALLummisRWY+++++++-+-+++-+8080

(1) Financial Regulatory Reform-H.R. 4173
Over the Chamber's strong objection, the House passed H.R. 4173, the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009, on December 11 by a vote of 223-202.

The Chamber has long advocated for overhaul of the nation's financial system. Unfortunately, H.R. 4173 failed to achieve the meaningful financial regulatory reform necessary for vibrant capital markets and to fuel long-term economic growth and job creation. Many provisions, especially the creation of a Consumer Financial Protection Agency, would only magnify and exacerbate flaws within the existing regulatory structure and hamper the growth of the economy.

The Senate may take up similar legislation to reform the financial regulatory system in 2010.

(2) Consumer Protection Council Amendment-H.R. 4173
On December 11, the House narrowly defeated the Minnick Amendment to H.R. 4173, the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009, by a vote of 208-223. The Chamber supports strong consumer protection and supported the Minnick Amendment because it would establish a Consumer Financial Protection Council whose membership would be composed of existing regulators and agencies.

Such a council would be a significant improvement over the stand-alone agency in the base bill that added another regulatory layer to a broken regulatory system, unwisely separated safety and soundness regulation from consumer protection, and significantly curtailed the availability and affordability of credit for consumers and small businesses.

 

(3) Mortgage Modification Amendment-H.R. 4173
On December 10, by a vote of 188-241, the House rejected the Marshall Amendment to H.R. 4173, the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009. The Chamber opposed this amendment because it would have granted new powers to bankruptcy judges to modify the terms of existing legitimate mortgage contracts, which constitutes an improper expansion of the bankruptcy code.

While the Chamber believes that Congress should take meaningful steps to prevent mortgage foreclosure and correct the volatile housing market, this amendment would have injected greater risk into the lending process that would have led to increased mortgage costs for primary residences in the form of higher interest rates, down payments, points, and fees.

(4) Small Business Derivatives Amendment-H.R. 4173
On December 10, the House passed the Murphy Amendment to H.R. 4173, the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009, by a vote of 304-124. The Chamber supported the Murphy amendment because it would impose effective and appropriate regulations on derivatives swaps without unnecessarily impacting business end users.

By limiting entities covered by the bill to those with derivatives positions large enough to significantly impact the financial system, the amendment would ensure that business owners who do not pose a systemic risk are not subject to onerous regulatory requirements, including mandatory central clearing, exchange trading, and margin and capital requirements.
 

(5) Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) Accountability-H.R. 1242
On December 2, the House passed H.R. 1242, the TARP Accountability and Disclosure Act, 421-0. This legislation would require the use of existing technologies to create a single publicly available base to track TARP expenditures in near real time.

The Chamber strongly supported TARP as a means of stabilizing the collapsing financial system and of creating special conditions for recovery. Accountability related to TARP, however, is an important priority. This legislation would create transparency to help ensure that funds are appropriately expended and that a high level of public confidence is restored to the program.

The Senate was unable to act on H.R. 1242 before adjourning in 2009. The Chamber will continue to work with leaders in the Senate toward enacting this legislation to increase accountability and transparency.
 

(6) Health Care Reform-H.R. 3962
On November 7, the House passed H.R. 3962, the Affordable Healthcare for America Act by a narrow vote of 220-215. While the Chamber supports meaningful health care reform, we opposed this legislation because it would take the wrong approach in addressing the core issues in the health care debate, in particular coverage, access, quality, and cost.

H.R. 3962 would make health care more expensive, create onerous new burdens for businesses, establish a public option to compete with the private insurance market, increase government spending in the health sector, and implement a variety of new taxes. As a consequence, this bill would only make the status quo worse at a considerable price tag to the business community and the taxpayers.

The Senate took no action on H.R. 3962. Instead, H.R. 3590 was passed through both Chambers and signed into law by the president in March 2010.
 

(7) Homeland Security-H.R. 2868
On November 6, the House passed H.R. 2868, the Chemical and Water Security Act of 2009 by a 230-193 vote. The Chamber opposed this legislation because it would authorize the Department of Homeland Security to require chemical facilities to undertake burdensome and costly new technology upgrades and would undercut the central strength of the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards program already in place.

The Chamber looks forward to working with Congress to improve safety at facilities that store and distribute chemicals in a manner that is not overly burdensome and costly.

(8) Solar Technology Promotion-H.R. 3585
On October 22, the House passed H.R. 3585, the Solar Technology Roadmap Act by a 310-106 vote. The Chamber supported this legislation because it would provide additional federal funding to advance U.S. research, development, and demonstration efforts related to solar technology, which would help provide a competitive and growing marketplace for this important alternative energy source.

The Chamber also supported the bill's emphasis on the importance of collaboration between the federal government and American industry.

The Chamber looks forward to working with Congress to enact legislation that promotes alternative energy and collaboration between government and the business community.

(9) Travel Promotion Act of 2009-H.R. 1035
On October 7, the House passed H.R. 1035, the Travel Promotion Act by a vote of 358-66. This legislation would create a public-private partnership to promote the United States as a travel destination abroad.

The Chamber supports this bill because international travelers provide a critical boost to businesses, as well as to state and local economies. The partnership that would be established by the Travel Promotion Act has the potential to attract 1.6 million new international visitors annually and would do so without requiring any funding from American taxpayers.

The Travel Promotion Act was passed into law by President Obama in March 2010.

(10) Advanced Vehicle Technology-H.R. 3246
By a 312-114 vote, on September 16, the House passed H.R. 3246, the Advanced Vehicle Technology Act. The Chamber supported this legislation because it would promote important research and development investment in technologies to improve vehicle efficiency and reduce emissions while helping support jobs.

The legislation would establish a program within the Department of Energy to commercialize a range of technologies necessary to make cars and trucks more energy efficient-a critical step that would help automobile companies adapt to a changing marketplace.

The Senate took no action on H.R. 3246 in 2009. Moving forward, however, the Chamber will continue to work with Congress on this legislation and other efforts to improve automobile efficiency and create jobs.

(11) Energy Regulation and Taxes-H.R. 2454
On June 26, by a vote of 219-212, the House narrowly passed H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act, despite the Chamber's strong opposition.

The Chamber believes that we need to develop a comprehensive plan to address climate change; however, the approach taken by this legislation would have a devastating impact on the U.S. economy while failing to reduce global emissions. Specifically, this bill would not ensure that cost-effective and reliable renewable and alternative energy sources - including nuclear, coal, and other emerging energy technologies - are developed and deployed to smooth a transition to a low-carbon energy future. Instead, H.R. 2454 would create onerous new burdens and regulations on the American public and businesses.

The Chamber believes that Congress should balance environmental objectives with the need for economic growth and job creation, promote technology development, reduce barriers for climate-friendly energy sources, promote energy efficiency, and implement appropriate steps to deal with international global emissions.

The Chamber remains committed to working with Congress to craft legislation to improve environmental quality without harming our economy and businesses.
 

(12) 2010 Budget Resolution-S. Con. Res. 13
Despite the Chamber's strong opposition, on April 29 the House approved the conference report on S. Con. Res. 13 by a 233-193 vote. The blueprint laid out by Congress in this budget resolution created an enormous expansion of the federal government, paid for in large part by increasing taxes on businesses and upper income individuals. The resolution also authorized Congress to use the budget reconciliation process to make dramatic changes to our nation's health care and education systems, which will impact the business community.

The Chamber strongly opposes any congressional efforts to increase taxes on small businesses, because it hinders their ability to create jobs and help get the economy back on track.

Further, the Chamber opposes use of reconciliation to make sweeping policy changes in areas such as health care and education. These issues are critical to the business community, and policy changes must receive thorough consideration through the normal legislative process.

 

(13) Restrictions on Executive Compensation-H.R. 1664
On April 1, by a vote of 247-171, the House passed H.R. 1664, which would place restrictions on compensation for executives at companies that had participated in certain government assistance programs. The Chamber opposed this legislation because it would create unintended consequences that could hamper efforts to resolve the ongoing financial crisis and restore economic growth.

Further, the Chamber was concerned that such changes would create disincentives for private enterprise to participate in an announced public-private investment program; foster uncertainty in business dealings, thereby eroding confidence and slowing economic activity; and limit companies from retaining necessary talent.

While the Chamber appreciates the serious and understandable public concern about executive pay, it believes that compensation should be based on the balance of individual accomplishment, corporate performance, adherence to risk management, compliance with laws and regulations, and shareholder value.
 

(14) Economic Stimulus-H.R. 1
On February 13, the House passed the conference report to H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 by a 246-183 vote. The Chamber supported H.R. 1 because this legislation was critical to help get the U.S. economy back on track.

The tax relief and spending provisions in the bill provided important assistance to sectors of the economy that had been hurt by the financial crisis and helped prevent further loss of American jobs.

The Senate subsequently passed the conference report, and the president signed it into law on February 17.

(15) Paycheck Litigation Expansion-H.R. 12
On January 9, by a vote of 256-163, the House agreed to H.R. 12, the Paycheck Fairness Act. While the Chamber supports equal employment opportunities for all Americans, it opposed H.R. 12 because it would expand remedies under the Equal Pay Act to include unlimited punitive and compensatory damages, significantly erode employer defenses for legitimate pay disparities, and impose invalid tools for enforcement by the Department of Labor.

Following House passage, the Senate did not take any action on H.R. 12 in 2009.

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