How They Voted 2009 - Senate

Each Senate vote used in the ratings is described separately and is identified by a number that corresponds to the numbers at the top of the columns of tabular information.

Key to Symbols

+"Correct" vote, supporting the Chamber's position'08%Percentage of correct votes of total cast by member on Chamber-selected issues during 2008, the second session of the 110th Congress.
-"Wrong" vote, contrary to the Chamber's position
?No recorded voteCUM%Average annual percentage of correct votes cast by member on Chamber-selected issues since the Chamber began rating members in 1965, or since that member's first year in Congress, through 2008.
SSpeaker did not vote
PVoted "present"
N/AInsufficient votes cast Note: The percentage calculations were made using only + and - votes. The ?, S, and P votes were not included in the calculations.
   
     12345672009%2009 Cum
 ALABAMA            
30ShelbyRichard C.RAL+++++-+8673
40SessionsJeffRAL+-?+?-+6078
 ALASKA            
50MurkowskiLisa A.RAK+++++--7190
60BegichMarkDAK-+-+++-5757
 ARIZONA            
70McCainJohnRAZ+-+++-+7182
80KylJon L.RAZ+-+++-+7186
 ARKANSAS            
90LincolnBlancheDAR-+++++-7171
100PryorMark L.DAR-+++-+-5766
 CALIFORNIA            
110FeinsteinDianneDCA-+-+-+-4348
120BoxerBarbaraDCA-+-+-+-4330
 COLORADO            
130UdallMarkDCO-+-+-+-4344
140BennetMichaelDCO-+++-+-5757
 CONNECTICUT            
150DoddChristopher J.DCT-+-+-+-4333
160LiebermanJoseph I.ICT-+-+-+-4347
 DELAWARE            
170CarperThomas R.DDE-+++-+-5755
180KaufmanEdward E.DDE-+-+-+-4343
 FLORIDA            
190NelsonBillDFL-+-+-+-4354
200LeMieuxGeorgeRFL+??????N/AN/A
 Martinez RFL?++++-+8391
 GEORGIA            
210ChamblissSaxbyRGA+-+++-+7191
220IsaksonJohnnyRGA+++++-+8693
 HAWAII            
230InouyeDaniel K.DHI-+-+-+-4333
240AkakaDaniel K.DHI-+-+-+-4332
 IDAHO            
250CrapoMichael D.RID+-+++-+7188
260RischJames E.RID+-+++-+7171
 ILLINOIS            
270DurbinRichard J.DIL-+-+-+-4334
280BurrisRolandDIL-+-+-+-4343
 INDIANA            
290LugarRichard G.RIN+++++-+8691
300BayhEvanDIN-+-+-+-4356
 IOWA            
310GrassleyCharles E.RIA+-+++-+7184
320HarkinTomDIA-+-+-+-4337
 KANSAS            
330BrownbackSamRKS+-+++-+7193
340RobertsPatRKS+-+?+-+6792
 KENTUCKY            
350McConnellMitchRKY+-+++-+7191
360BunningJimRKY?-+++-+6788
 LOUISIANA            
370LandrieuMary L.DLA-?++?+-6072
380VitterDavidRLA+++++-+8690
 MAINE            
390SnoweOlympia J.RME++++++-8669
400CollinsSusan M.RME++++++-8680
 MARYLAND            
410MikulskiBarbara A.DMD-+-+-+-4335
420CardinBenjamin L.DMD-+-+-+-4335
 MASSACHUSETTS            
430KerryJohn F.DMA-+-?-+-3338
440KirkPaul G.DMA-??????00
 MICHIGAN            
450LevinCarlDMI-+-+-+-4333
460StabenowDebbieDMI-+-+-+-4331
 MINNESOTA            
470KlobucharAmyDMN-+-+-+-4348
480FrankenAlDMN-+?????5050
 MISSISSIPPI            
490CochranThadRMS+++++-+8687
500WickerRoger F.RMS+++++-+8694
 MISSOURI            
510BondChristopher S.RMO+++++-+8693
520McCaskillClaireDMO-+-+-+-4342
 MONTANA            
530BaucusMaxDMT-+++-+-5745
540TesterJonDMT-+++-+-5750
 NEBRASKA            
550NelsonE. BenjaminDNE-+++++-7176
560JohannsMikeRNE++++?-+8383
 NEVADA            
570ReidHarryDNV-+-+-+-4338
580EnsignJohnRNV+++++-+8686
 NEW HAMPSHIRE            
590GreggJuddRNH+-+++-+7188
600ShaheenJeanneDNH-+-+-+-4343
 NEW JERSEY            
610LautenbergFrankDNJ-+-+-+-4334
620MenendezRobertDNJ-+-+-+-4338
 NEW MEXICO            
630BingamanJeffDNM-+-+-+-4344
640UdallTomDNM-+-+-+-4335
 NEW YORK            
650SchumerCharles E.DNY-+-+-+-4336
660GillibrandKirsten E.DNY-+-+-+?5060
 NORTH CAROLINA            
670BurrRichardRNC+-+++-+7187
680HaganKay R.DNC-+-+-+-4343
 NORTH DAKOTA            
690ConradKentDND-+-+?+-5044
700DorganByron L.DND-+++-+-5738
 OHIO            
710VoinovichGeorge V.ROH+++++-+8689
720BrownSherrodDOH-+-+-+-4332
 OKLAHOMA            
730InhofeJames M.ROK+-+++-+7187
740CoburnThomas A.ROK+-+++-+7173
 OREGON            
750WydenRonDOR-+-+-+-4341
760MerkleyJeffreyDOR-+-+-+-4343
 PENNSYLVANIA            
770SpecterArlenDPA-+++++-7166
780CaseyRobert P.DPA-+-+-+-4347
 RHODE ISLAND            
790ReedJackDRI-+-+-+-4337
800WhitehouseSheldonDRI-+-+-+-4343
 SOUTH CAROLINA            
810GrahamLindsey O.RSC+++++-+8684
820DeMintJimRSC+-+++-+7183
 SOUTH DAKOTA            
830JohnsonTim P.DSD-+++-+-5751
840ThuneJohnRSD+++++-+8689
 TENNESSEE            
850AlexanderLamarRTN+++++-+8690
860CorkerBobRTN+-+++-+7176
 TEXAS            
870HutchisonKay BaileyRTX+-+++--5793
880CornynJohnRTX+-+++-+7189
 UTAH            
890HatchOrrin G.RUT+++++-+8693
900BennettRobert F.RUT+++++-+8697
 VERMONT            
910LeahyPatrick J.DVT-+-+-+-4333
920SandersBernardIVT-+---+-2917
 VIRGINIA            
930WebbJimDVA-+-+-+-4350
940WarnerMarkDVA-+-+-+-4343
 WASHINGTON            
950MurrayPattyDWA-+-+-+-4349
960CantwellMariaDWA-+-+-+-4354
 WEST VIRGINIA            
970ByrdRobert C.DWV-+++-+-5733
980RockefellerJohnDWV-+??-+-4041
 WISCONSIN            
990KohlHerbert H.DWI-+-+-+-4347
1000FeingoldRussDWI-+-+-+-4325
 WYOMING            
1010EnziMichael B.RWY+++++-+8687
1020BarrassoJohn A.RWY+++++-+8679

(1) Health Care Reform-H.R. 3590
Despite Chamber opposition, on December 24, the Senate passed H.R. 3590, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act by a 60-39 vote.

While the Chamber supports meaningful health care reform, it opposed this legislation because it would only make the status quo worse at the expense of the business community. Specifically, it would make health care more expensive, create onerous new burdens for businesses, increase government spending in the health sector, and implement a variety of new taxes on employers of all sizes.

H.R. 3590 was signed into law by President Obama in March 2010.

 

(2) Travel Promotion-S. 1023
On September 9, with the Chamber's support, the Senate passed S. 1023, the Travel Promotion Act by a vote of 79-19. This legislation will promote United States as a travel destination abroad.

The Chamber supported this bill because international travelers provide a crucial boost to businesses as well as to state and local economies. The partnership that would be established by the Travel Promotion Act has the potential to attract 1.6 million new international visitors annually and would do so without requiring any funding from American taxpayers.

The Travel Promotion Act was signed into law by President Obama in March 2010

(3) Bankruptcy Expansion-S.896
On April 30, by a vote of 45-51, the Senate rejected an amendment to S. 896, the Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009, which would have granted bankruptcy judges new powers to modify the terms of existing home mortgages. The Chamber opposed this amendment because allowing judges to modify legitimate mortgage contracts-including reducing the amount owed on a mortgage, changing the interest rate, or stretching out the term of the mortgage-constitutes an improper expansion of the bankruptcy code.

The Chamber believes that Congress should take meaningful steps to prevent mortgage foreclosure and correct the volatile housing market. However, this amendment would have injected greater risk into the lending process that would have led to increased mortgage costs for primary residences in the form of higher interest rates, down payments, points, and fees.

Such bankruptcy provisions were not included in the version of S. 896 that was ultimately enacted into law on May 20.

(4) False Claims Amendment-S. 386
On April 22, the Senate agreed to the Kyl Amendment to S. 386, the Fraud Enforcement and Recovery Act of 2009, by an overwhelming vote of 94-1.

The Chamber supported the Kyl Amendment because it addressed a serious concern with the underlying legislation. Specifically, the amendment protects the business community from strict liability for routine errors or oversights that do not involve actual fraud.

The Senate and House passed the overall legislation, and the president signed it into law on May 20.

(5) Endangered Species Amendment-H.R. 1105

On March 5, by a vote of 42-52, the Senate failed to pass a Chamber-supported amendment offered by Sen. Murkowski to H.R. 1105, the FY09 Omnibus Appropriations Bill. The amendment would have required a 60-day public notice and comment period before the executive branch could withdraw or reissue two important rules help ensure that the business community is not adversely impacted by the Endangered Species Act.

Withdrawing these rules would create unnecessary interagency consultations, which could delay business operations, as well as lay the groundwork for environmental activists to use frivolous litigation to block infrastructure and other development projects that emit greenhouse gases.

The underlying bill was passed by voice vote and signed into law on March 11.

(6) Economic Stimulus-H.R. 1
On February 13, the Senate passed the conference report to H.R. 1, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 by a 60-38 vote. The Chamber supported H.R. 1 because this legislation was critical to help get the U.S. economy back on track.

The tax relief and spending provisions in the bill provided important assistance to sectors of the economy that had been hurt by the financial crisis and helped prevent further loss of American jobs.

The House also passed the conference report, and the president signed it into law on February 17.

(7) Pay Discrimination Lawsuits-S. 181

On January 22, despite the Chamber's opposition, the Senate approved S. 181, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act by a 61-36 vote. The legislation overturns a Supreme Court decision upholding commonsense limitations on the time period within which an alleged paycheck discrimination claim must be filed.

The Chamber opposed this legislation because it effectively abolishes the statue of limitations in many cases, allowing lawsuits to be filed years after an alleged act of pay discrimination occurs, even decades after an individual ceased to work for an employer. By expanding the criteria under which paycheck discrimination cases could be brought, this legislation leads to an expansion of litigation second-guessing of legitimate employment and personnel decisions.

S. 181 was later agreed to by the House and signed into law by the president on January 29.