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Economic Costs of Absenteeism, Presenteeism and Early Retirement Due to Ill Health: A Focus on Indonesia
This report provides estimates of the economic cost due to productivity losses arising from absenteeism, presenteeism and early retirement due to ill health. For Indonesia, these losses equate to a total of 6.5% of GDP in 2015 as shown in Table ES 1, increasing to 7.2% of GDP by 2030.