U.S. Supreme Court

Case Status


Docket Number


Cert. Denied


Questions Presented

Whether, under Sprint Communications, Inc. v. Jacobs, 571 U.S. 69 (2013), a federal court must consider the specific characteristics of an underlying state-court civil proceeding to determine whether it is sufficiently “akin to a criminal prosecution” to warrant abstention under Younger v. Harris, 401 U.S. 37 (1971), as eight courts of appeals have held, or whether abstention is warranted whenever “the state proceeding falls within the general class” of state enforcement actions, App.7a, as the Ninth Circuit held in this case.

Case Updates

Cert. petition denied

June 21, 2021

U.S. Chamber files coalition amicus brief arguing against applying Younger abstention to an unfair or deceptive practices lawsuit dreamed up by contingency-fee lawyers with no independent pre-suit investigation by the State

March 24, 2021

Click here to view the amicus brief filed jointly by the U.S. Chamber and Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America. Douglas Hallward-Driemeier, Chimso Okoji, and Samuel Pokross of Ropes & Gray LLP and the U.S. Chamber’s Litigation Center served as co-counsel for the U.S. Chamber.

Case Documents