Makinizi Hoover
Strategic Advocacy Manager, U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Stephanie Ferguson
Director, Global Employment Policy & Special Initiatives, U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Isabella Lucy, Graphic Designer 2023 headshot Isabella Lucy
Graphic Designer, U.S. Chamber of Commerce


November 03, 2023


The state of Florida has a favorable landscape for businesses and individuals, with a diverse economy, improving labor market, and a robust small business ecosystem. Immigrants contribute meaningfully to the state's workforce and economy, while educational attainment, quality of life, and cost of living factors remain promising.

The Worker Shortage Across America

Explore the interactive map below to see the impact of the worker shortage crisis in each state.

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Florida’s Labor Market

Before the pandemic, Florida’s labor market was somewhat healthy. While the state's unemployment rate was at a healthy 3%, labor force participation stood nearly four points below the national average and there were only 71 workers for every 100 open jobs.

As of August 2023, Florida’s labor market was showing significant signs of improvement. Both the state’s labor force participation rate and unemployment rate fall within the range of pre-pandemic levels.

On the downside, the state faces a worsening worker shortage, with only 53 workers for every 100 jobs.

Florida’s Business Environment 

Florida's business environment is multifaceted, offering a vibrant tourist scene with 800 miles of beautiful beaches, numerous major theme parks, and bustling cruise ports. Additionally, the state boasts several cargo ports, a highly varied agriculture industry, and serves as the headquarters for over 20 Fortune 500 companies.

Among the industries monitored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics the trade, transportation, utilities sector, as well as the professional and business services sector, employ the highest number of Floridians, while the financial activities sector employs the fewest. Florida's employment landscape is shaped by its specialization in numerous lines of manufacturing, from shipbuilding to chemical production. The state's strategic proximity to the Panama Canal has a significant influence on the success of these industries. The state is also a hub for aerospace innovation, with leading manufacturers in unmanned aerial systems, manned aircraft, and space technology, including Airbus helicopters and NASA rocket engines.

Florida boasts a thriving small business ecosystem, with 99.8% of all Florida businesses falling into this category. This dynamic sector employs around three million people, accounting for 40.5% of Florida's workforce. Within this landscape, 45.1% of small businesses are women-owned, 19.2% are minority-owned, 32.1% are Hispanic-owned, and 6.0% are veteran-owned.

Florida’s Educational Attainment

In 2022, nearly 90% of Florida's population obtained their high school diploma or its equivalent, paralleling the nation-wide rate. Over one-third of the population attained a bachelor's degree, on par with the national average, while 12.9% secured a graduate degree, slightly below the U.S. average.

Fortunately for employers in the state, the majority of Florida college freshmen are remaining in the state for their higher education, where the average tuition is $4,463. Out-of-state tuition in the state is $18,514, significantly less expensive than the national average of $28,000. In the 2022-2023 school year, Florida colleges enrolled over one million students, offering a large talent source for local employers.

Quality of Life

Florida has a median household income of $65,370, slightly below the national average of around $70,000, ranking as 41st in the country. Notably, Florida has no state income tax.

Nearly thirty percent of Florida’s workforce work remote at least one day a week. For those commuting into an office, the average commute time is 28 minutes. Florida's cost of living index, as measured by the Council for Community and Economic Research (with the national average set at 100), stands at 102.3. This means that the state is slightly less affordable than the national cost of living. The median rent in the Sunshine state settles at $1,218 while the median home cost is $406,896. In 2021, one third of Florida’s population owned their housing unit. The state saw a notable growth rate of three percent from 2020 to 2022, ranking among the top three highest growth rates in the nation during this time period.


In the U.S., immigrants tend to be of working age in comparison to native-born individuals. As workers, these immigrants are also contributing to support programs like Medicare and Social Security.

Looking at Florida in particular, immigrants comprise 21.1% of the state's population, totaling over 4.5 million individuals. Their collective spending power amounts to $106.3 billion, while their tax contributions reach $31.4 billion.

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    About the authors

    Makinizi Hoover

    Makinizi Hoover

    Makinizi Hoover is the Strategic Advocacy Manager at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. Her work includes the development and project management of comprehensive data centers that serve as a valuable resource for policymakers, businesses, and the public.

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    Stephanie Ferguson

    Stephanie Ferguson

    Stephanie Ferguson is the Director of Global Employment Policy and Special Initiatives. Her work on the labor shortage has been cited in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, and Associated Press.

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    Isabella Lucy, Graphic Designer 2023 headshot

    Isabella Lucy

    Isabella has created stunning visualizations tackling pressing issues like the worker shortage, the benefits of hiring veterans, the lifespan of small businesses, and the future of work.

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