U.S. Supreme Court

Case Status


Docket Number



2012 Term


Questions Presented

1. Whether the Rule 23(b)(3) predominance requirement can be satisfied based solely on a determination that it would be “efficient” to decide a single common question at trial, without considering any of the individual issues that would also need to be tried, and without determining whether the aggregate of common issues predominates over the aggregate of individual issues.

2. Whether a class may be certified on breach of warranty claims where it is undisputed that most members did not experience the alleged product defect and where fact of injury would have to be litigated on a member-by-member basis.

Case Updates

U.S. Supreme Court issues GVR

June 03, 2013

The Supreme Court granted the petition for writ of certiorari. The Court vacated the judgment and remanded to the Seventh Circuit for further consideration in light of Comcast v. Behrend.

U.S. Chamber files amicus brief

April 01, 2013

The U.S. Chamber urged the Supreme Court to review a decision by the Seventh Circuit, which certified a multi-state, breach-of-warranty class action in which class members were linked only by their purchases of different models of the same brand of washing machine. The Chamber argued in its amicus brief that the Court should grant the petition to correct the Seventh Circuit's unwise and unwarranted expansion of federal class action procedures. The Chamber pointed out that the Seventh Circuit's decision directly conflicts with the Supreme Court's precedents and instead of conducting the rigorous analysis that Rule 23 requires, created a new “efficiency” test for determining when common issues in a proposed class action predominate over individual ones. The Chamber warned that the decision, if not corrected, poses grave threats to businesses and consumers by encouraging class action abuse and authorizing class actions even in circumstances where consumers have suffered no cognizable injury.

Case Documents