U.S. Supreme Court

Case Status


Docket Number



2005 Term


Questions Presented

In the absence of a contractual relationship with the defendant, are allegations of personal injuries alone sufficient to confer standing on a plaintiff pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §1981?

Case Updates

Supreme Court overturns Nine Circuit ruling

February 22, 2006

NCLC files amicus brief addressing standing to sue under 42 U.S.C. §1981

July 14, 2005

NCLC urged the Court to overturn a Ninth Circuit ruling that would allow plaintiffs with no actual or proposed contractual relationship with a defendant to sue that defendant for alleged personal injuries caused by that defendant’s alleged breach of a contract with a third party, or by that defendant’s failure to enter into a contract with a third party. Conferring such broad standing to sue under §1981 would flood the courts with litigation by parties who claim to be directly or indirectly injured by a disputed business transaction involving other parties.

Case Documents