U.S. Supreme Court

Case Status


Docket Number


Cert. Denied

Lower Court Opinion


Questions Presented

Does the Due Process Clause permit a forum state to exercise specific personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant based solely on that defendant’s placing component parts into the stream of commerce by selling them to third parties who make finished products that foreseeably may come to the forum state?

Case Updates

Cert. petition denied

January 09, 2017

U.S. Chamber urges Supreme Court to review decision endorsing expansive “stream of commerce” theory of personal jurisdiction

November 28, 2016

Joined by the American Tort Reform Association, the U.S. Chamber filed an amicus brief asking the U.S. Supreme Court to review a Washington Supreme Court decision flouting U.S. Supreme Court precedents on the issue of personal jurisdiction. The court below held that specific jurisdiction over the defendants was proper despite the fact that their only relevant connection with the forum was the incorporation of components manufactured by defendants into end products made by third parties who sold these products throughout the United States, including in Washington. In so holding, the court relied solely on a “stream of commerce” theory of jurisdiction.

The amicus brief argued that, consistent with the precedents of the U.S. Supreme Court, that theory could not support a finding of specific personal jurisdiction here, as the existence of specific jurisdiction turns on the defendant’s relationship with the forum, as measured by the defendant’s purposeful acts, not the acts of third parties. In addition, the brief explained that review of the erroneous decision is needed to provide businesses with clear and predictable jurisdictional rules in order to structure their affairs and anticipate where their conduct will and will not render them amenable to suit.

Andrew J. Pincus and Archis A. Parasharami of Mayer Brown LLP served as counsel for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce on behalf of the U.S. Chamber Litigation Center.

Case Documents