U.S. Supreme Court

Case Status


Docket Number


2013 Term

Oral Argument Date

November 04, 2013


Questions Presented

1. Whether due process permits a court to exercise personal jurisdiction over a defendant whose sole "contact" with the forum State is his knowledge that the plaintiff has connections to that State.

2. Whether the judicial district where the plaintiff suffered injury is a district "in which a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred" for purposes of establishing venue under 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b)(2) even if the defendant's alleged acts and omissions all occurred in another district.

Case Updates

U.S. Supreme Court reverses Ninth Circuit decision regarding jurisdiction

February 25, 2014

The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the Ninth Circuit holding that because the defendant had no other connections with Nevada and his contacts cannot be decisive in determining in his rights, the district court in Nevada cannot exercise jurisdiction here.

U.S. Chamber urges Supreme Court to reverse decision by Ninth Circuit

June 04, 2013

In its brief, NCLC urged the Supreme Court to reverse a ruling of the Ninth Circuit, which dramatically expands the reach of federal courts by broadly interpreting the “effects test”for personal jurisdiction. NCLC argued in its amicus brief that jurisdiction based on the effects of a nonresident defendant's out-of-state conduct requires that the defendant expressly aim that conduct at the forum. NCLC urged the Court the narrowly construe the so-called effects test due to its lack of historical pedigree. NCLC argued that the Ninth Circuit's formulation of the effects test does not comport with the due process limits on the exercise of personal jurisdiction and pointed out that the constitutional standard for the effects test does not depend on whether the defendant is engaged in commercial activity. Additionally, NCLC pointed out that Congress has declined to authorize the sweeping theory of jurisdiction employed by the Ninth Circuit.

Case Documents