Stephanie Ferguson
Director, Global Employment Policy & Special Initiatives, U.S. Chamber of Commerce
Makinizi Hoover
Strategic Advocacy Manager, U.S. Chamber of Commerce


November 14, 2023


A government shutdown occurs when Congress fails to pass a spending bill to fund the federal government. A shutdown imposes detrimental impacts on Americans and businesses across the country. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce is calling on Congress to work together to pass a bipartisan budget to avoid a shutdown and its damaging consequences.  

Should a shutdown occur, 57,000 small business vendors that rely on federal contracts and 1,972,296 active duty and military reservists would not be paid on time. E-Verify cases would not be processed, delaying as many as 1.8 million workers from receiving necessary authorization to begin working. An estimated 400,000 new business applications would not be approved, nor would roughly 5,000 SBA-backed loans be processed.  

To see the impact a government shutdown would have in your state, click on or select your state below. 

Government shutdown: state-by-state impact

Use the dropdown menu to select a state to discover the effects of a government shutdown.

Click on a state for details

Figures are approximate and calculated based on rolling annual averages per state.

A government shutdown would also impact more than American businesses. New patients would no longer be accepted into potentially life-saving clinical research trials. The hiring of federal law enforcement officials would come to a halt. National parks, vital for generating revenue in local communities, would close. Read the real life stories of what Americans endured during the 2018-19 government shutdown here

The U.S. Chamber is committed to supporting businesses and our nation’s system of free enterprise. We call on Congress to work together now to pass the budget and spare our nation from the pains of a government shutdown. 


  1. Bloomberg Government, September 2023 
  2., U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Manpower Data Center, September 2021.  
  3. U.S. Census Bureau, August 2023.  
  4. E-Verify, April 2023.  
  5. U.S. Small Business Administration, October 2023.  

About the authors

Stephanie Ferguson

Stephanie Ferguson

Stephanie Ferguson is the Director of Global Employment Policy and Special Initiatives. Her work on the labor shortage has been cited in the Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, and Associated Press.

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Makinizi Hoover

Makinizi Hoover

Makinizi Hoover is the Strategic Advocacy Manager at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. Her work includes the development and project management of comprehensive data centers that serve as a valuable resource for policymakers, businesses, and the public.

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