U.S. Supreme Court

Case Status


Docket Number



Cert. Denied


Questions Presented

1. Whether plaintiffs' alleged wage-suppression damages are a direct injury under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-1968 ("RICO"), and whether the Eleventh Circuit's holding can be reconciled with Anza v. Ideal Steel Supply Co., 126 S. Ct. 1991 (2006).

2. Whether a corporation and its agents can constitute an association-in-fact RICO enterprise and whether a company's hiring of its own employees may constitute participation in the conduct of an enterprise that is distinct from the company itself?

3. Whether employees who received the wages for which they contracted have suffered an injury to "business or property" within the meaning of 18 U.S.C. § 1964(c)?

Case Updates

Cert. petition denied

February 26, 2007

U.S. Chamber urges Supreme Court to review meaning of “enterprise” under RICO

January 22, 2007

NCLC urged the Supreme Court to grant review to consider whether a corporation can form an “enterprise” under the Racketeering Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) where the alleged combination exists solely of the corporation itself and its third party recruiters. In its brief, NCLC argued that the statute’s plain language does not bear such a result and that treble damages liability should not be available where the corporation is merely using third party agents to perform integral corporate functions.

Case Documents