September 29, 2021


Key Points

  • Federal government agencies have programs to raise awareness to human trafficking
  • Travel and tourism industries are training employees to spot signs of human trafficking
  • Academic institutions are hosting discussions on how legislators are teaming up with nonprofits to address human trafficking.

What Federal Government Agencies Are Doing

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), as part of its Blue Campaign, provides a toolkit to educate employees in the hospitality industry. Through the Blue Campaign, DHS raises public awareness about human trafficking and leverages partnerships to educate the public on how to recognize human trafficking and report suspicious activities.

U.S. Department of State

The U.S. Department of State produces the annual Trafficking in Persons report. The report divides the world into three tiers: those that fully meet minimum standards outlined in The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) for addressing human trafficking, those that don’t fully meet the standards but are making an effort to combat trafficking, and those that are not meeting the standards and are not making an effort to do so.

U.S. Department of Labor

Each year, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs releases Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor to address child labor and assess whether each country has made significant, moderate, minimal, or no advancement over the past year. The report details actions that countries need to undertake to continue progress toward eliminating child labor.

How Travel and Tourism Address Human Trafficking

American Trucking Associations

In February 2018, the American Trucking Associations, America’s Road Team, and Truckers Against Trafficking launched the Man to ManCampaign. The trucking industry plays a central role in eradicating modern-day slavery from the nation’s transportation systems. Truck drivers are asked to call the National Human Trafficking Hotline to report suspicious activity.

American Airlines

American Airlines partners with ECPAT-USA (End Child Prostitution and Trafficking) to establish corporate policies, train its 120,000 employees, and provide information to travelers on how to spot human trafficking.

Delta Air Lines

Delta Air Lines trains all frontline staff and gives them resources to identify and report to law enforcement all potential cases of human trafficking. Delta works closely with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to ensure that their training program is aligned with the U.S. government’s efforts to combat human trafficking. The company also leverages partnerships in the anti-trafficking space with the Polaris Project.


JetBlue partners with the federal government to train their flight attendants on how to spot signs of human trafficking.


Marriott joined forces with EPCAT-USA (End Child Prostitution and Trafficking) and the Polaris Project to offer an online training program to help hotel employees identify and respond to human trafficking on hotel properties.

What Academic Institutions Are Doing

Georgetown University’s Institute for the Study of International Migration

The Institute produced the following reports:

Georgetown University also holds symposiums and offers a course.

The McCain Institute for International Leadership at Arizona State University

The Institute addresses human trafficking through these activities:

  • Developing a National Attorney General’s Guidebook in conjunction with Google and Demand Abolition.
  • Working with Ending Child Prostitution and Trafficking and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children as well as partnering with Uber in the Desert Region to help drivers identify potential human trafficking situations.
  • Partnering with the Sports Integrity Global Alliance to explore ways to stop the trafficking of children in international sporting events, such as trafficking to play sports, trafficking to sporting events to be sold for sex, and trafficking in the creation of sporting stadiums.
  • Working with the Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research (STIR) in Arizona State University’s School of Social Work to produce original research and analysis to assess the scale and scope of human trafficking.
  • Providing research and technical support to the Arizona governor’s Human Trafficking Council.
  • With the Howard G. Buffett Foundation, launching a multidisciplinary effort to address forced labor in the agricultural sector.

USC Technology and Human Trafficking

The University of Southern California (USC) Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership & Policy produced the following reports:

Current Projects

  • Anti-Human Trafficking Communication and Social Media in Indonesia, funded by USAID.
  • Research on Data Analytics and Child Sex Trafficking, funded by the Department of Justice.

NYU STERN Center for Business and Human Rights

The New York University Stern Center for Business and Human Rights hosted a forum in Washington, D.C,. to discuss methods on how legislators are teaming up with nonprofits to address human trafficking.