Recent incidents, such as the German Bundestag cyberattack, U.S. presidential election, and the costly malware attacks WannaCry and NotPetya, have highlighted cybersecurity as a major challenge for governments and businesses worldwide.
Both the U.S. and Germany and the EU have already launched a series of political initiatives in this context. Examples on the EU side are the network and information systems (NIS) directive already in force to ensure a high level of network and information security for critical infrastructure and the currently discussed Cybersecurity Act. The coalition agreement of the German Federal Government contains numerous measures too, such as the revision of the IT Security Act and a voluntary trustmark for consumer products. Meanwhile, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and the White House published their extensive cyber strategies in May 2018 and September 2018 respectively.